I want 400 pounds! – Transport, APUs and weights

There are many hubbubs around APUs (auxiliary power units or generators) these days. Yes, the federal government allows up to 400 pounds for trucks with an APU or any device used to redtrivago flightce fuel consumption and emissions. It is part of an empty-walk strategy – to encourage trucks and transport companies to install APUs. But that does not mean you can always get it.

The text of the law says that each vehicle with the APU “can be allowed up to an additional 400 lbs total in gross, axle, tandem or bridged weight limit” – the generator installed on the tractor would not allow bridging the legal deviation.

The problem is that, although the federal government allows increasing weight, states do not have to allow this. This means that in one country it may be allowed to run up to 80,400 pounds. but in the following condition, you can be limited to 80,000 pounds. despite the decision of the federal government. Many countries already have weight tolerances above 400 kg of weight gain, so the decision does not really affect the execution procedures.

It’s great in theory, but in practice it’s pretty worthless.

We have come to this conclusion that many officers are not aware of federal decisions, so that although state legislation may have adopted a 400-pound supplement, law enforcement officials may not be familiar with it. All the following information is subject to change and, as always, the right hand may not know what the left hand is doing. Be ready to show as many documentation as possible whenever you come to the blockade!

Below is a list of conditions and the status of their exemption of 400 lb. We are directly contact civil servants – none of this is information from the other hand. All information can be changed.

Countries that have accepted the allowed weight of 400 lb (officials at the measurement stations may not be aware):


Arkansas will allow an additional 400 lbs on the axis to calculate the APU but will not allow more than 80,000 pounds for gross weight.






Michigan does NOT allow 400 pounds for APU. The problem you can come up with is that no one working with stations knows about a federal decision and that the Michigan Truck Safety Center was under the impression that Michigan did not pass judgment but could not say for sure. According to Lieutenant Dave Ford, Michigan really respects the decision of 400 pounds. Drivers must have the weight of the APU documented by the manufacturer and have proof that the documented APU is installed on that unit (as opposed to another APU).

North Dakota


The Oregon Senate 223 officially allows trucks with APU (auxiliary propulsion units) an additional 400 lbs in their gross weight limit. Oregon adheres to federal decisions and requires written confirmation of the severity of the APU. The Oregon motor vehicle enforcement officials approved a 400 pound exemption from February 2006. The APU must be in working condition.


The exemption of 400 lb is allowed only on interstate highways. Drivers on national routes are subject to Virginia’s standard gross and axle weight.


Countries that have not adopted a weight loss of 400 lb and:

* have weight tolerances (for variation of the scale)

* Have low fees and will not relieve you of overweight of 400 lbs

* and countries whose officers are unlikely to give you a ticket unless you provoke them – the officials’ discretion is a factor (officers in many of these countries did not know about the £ 400 exemption but said they were 400 lb too low for them I’m dying):


Greenwich officers did not know about the federal decision, but they said that the chances of they writing a quotation for such a small amount are unlikely. That limit I 95 is limited to 80,000 pounds regardless of the driver’s license, so the limit is 80,000 pounds. 80.001 lbs may result in a ticket, but it is not likely until the truck reaches 81,000 pounds, depending on the discretion of the officer. The official word from the headquarters for carrying out commercial vehicles is that Connecticut did not accept the 400 pound exemption.






It completely depends on the discretion of the officers – you probably will not get a ticket of 400 pounds.



New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

The officers in North Carolina, whom we named, did not know about the Federal 400 pounds, but they said they had a tolerance of £ 500 that they would allow before they started to write cards.

South Dakota

Police officers would not reveal their compensation for tolerance, but they say their tolerance is greater than 400 kg, so although the legitimacy may not yet have been adopted by the federal standard, their current standards allow for increased weight.


Police officers at the Henfield POE say they will allow up to £ 500 for the APU. Officials in other POs were not sure about the law.

West Virginia


Police in Cheyenne and 25 nb vases say they will allow up to 500 lbs without a ticket.

Countries that do not allow 400 pounds for the APU (based on our inquiries – subject to change):

Alabama, Arizona, Indiana, New Jersey

There are several countries missing in this list. We still get in touch with countries from which we did not receive an answer and we will provide updated information when they become available! Feel free to contact us with your contributions and experiences.

To get a 400 lb license, you must be able to provide:

* Certified weight of the APU in written form (if your APU only weighs 380 kg, only 380 lbs is allowed)

* verified proof (or be able to prove) that APU is functional (works)

You will also want to bring a copy of the Federal Law with you. You can find it in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ECFR/] in Title 23 (Highways), Part 658.17 (you will find it in section n).

Iron tiger – a triple gem

Tiger iron is almost exclusively evaluated as an ornamental gemstone. His rich and striking beauty creates three precious stones that nature has combined to create a tiger iron. Tiger's eye, hematite and jasper exist in layers to form this composite gemstone.

Ironstone (Fe) is rich and affordable.
Hematite is an iron that can be very glossy and highly polished for artistic and cultural purposes. It is usually gray, although surface oxidation sometimes gives a brown shade.

Jasper exists in various colors. It consists of mineral oxides that produce ribbons and color patterns.
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It is located in California, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Wyoming and Washington. It is a petrified or silky mud that dropped into gas pockets in a melted lava. He became overheated, and then solidified by forming unusual bands that are typical of this stone.

Tiger Eye or tiger eye is natural asbestos. During volcanic events, the fibrous asbestos is replaced by iron-defective quark that is called limonite.
This is what creates a brilliant golden shining eye around the tiger that offers such elegant beauty in the precious stone of a tiger's eye. The most common is the golden brown tiger. However, there is also a blue version known as an eye or falcon, a red tiger eye and of course a tiger iron consisting of three crystals of precious stones combined into one.

The glamor of precious stones of tiger iron was created by the so-called chatoyancy.
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It's a French word that means "cat's eye". It is an optical reflection that gives the feeling of depth, shape and gloss between the fibrous layers of the crystal.

In order to appear a magic in precious stone, she must cut into the cabochon style. This requires the cutting of the stone so that the fibrous layers of the crystal are parallel with the base of polished precious stones. Many fine examples of this effect can be seen in an elegant ginger eye for jewels on tigereyejewels.com

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Apart from being elegant and beautiful, both ancient and modern people connect tigers iron with chakras. Many people consider the chakras metaphysical / biophysical energy of the human body. The chakra is perceived as the center of energy that receives, assimilates and expresses vitality. The chakra marks the wheel and points to the swirling sphere of bioenergetic activity that originates from the spinal cord nerve.
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This concept is expressed in yoga practice.

If you are studying the chakra, you will discover that the iron of the tiger is highly appreciated. It is believed that the hematite gives emotional clarity. It is thought that Jasper gives emotional stability. Tiger's eye enhances personal creative power.
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Those who try to harness the powers of the chakras will keep the gemstone of tiger iron in their hand and take a deep breath to become re-established, centered, balanced, calm and focused.

Creative beauty, cultural and biological presence of tiger eye / iron and other art objects from iron iron can certainly bring satisfaction, presence and satisfaction of the bearer.

The ubiquitous droughts in WY and MT

In some parts of Wyoming and Montana, drought is a major problem. Many Wyoming ringleaders are doing everything they can to fight the severe drought situation. Most cut their sized herds, and some are transported in water, where there is no water, and the rivers are dry.
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Of course, this does not help with the problems of supply and demand on the market, which means higher prices of beef. But with the herds that crashed the ranchers, they do not get any of this.

In Montana, the land is so dry in some places that the yield of crops is drastically reduced and they just do not get the rain this summer. Clouds pass and threaten to fall, but nothing happens. Humidity problems in the country are intense, and some farmers are skipping the next stage of planting until things get back to normal, but will it ever happen that some are now wondering? Both eastern Montana and Wyoming are in terrible conditions, say ranchers and agricultural officials.

When water from the water supply system dries along the Wyoming, Nebraska and Gillette, WY and west of Casper WY, some have to ask, is it more sustainable agricultural land? Many are compared with the Pure Dust of the 1930s; It's so bad. So, we may all consider this in 2006.

Jackson Hole Mountain Resort – Wyoming USA

Wyoming Jackson Hole Mountain Resort is a fantastic place to experience fun and excitement in the hands of nature. Situated at the entrance to Teton National Park and just 11 miles from Jackson, Jackson Hole is an incredible valley that is gifted with fantastic natural landscapes. In the summer, the resort offers many opportunities for hiking and cycling, but when the winter comes, Jackson Hole treats its guests with a variety of snow-based activities.
Due to its richness to the Tetonian mountain range, it has many opportunities to enjoy the beautiful mountain visas. One of the most famous views is from the top of the Rendezvous Mountain, which stands at more than 10,000 feet and towers over the other Tetonian mountains. But the view is not just an exciting thing about Rendezvous, the journey to this peak is self-evident.
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This journey involves taking Jackson Hole aerodynamics from the village of Teton. This tram, which can accommodate 100 passengers at the same time, provides travelers with an incredible opportunity to get not only 360 degree views of Tetons, but also the surrounding Grand Teton National Park.
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Jackson Hole has more than 100 ski runs on an area of ​​2500 hectares, so it may be a little worrying to choose the best. The resort, in fact, has some of the fastest and longest vertical slips in all of North America and receives an average of 360 inches of snow a year. In addition to the air tram, there are 8 ski huts and gondolas in the village, which facilitate the transportation of winter enthusiasts to the ski hills.
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Corbet Couloir, which causes highly skilled skiers to jump 10 meters outdoors, is probably the most popular run in the resort. At the top of these exciting running, there are also many laid-up tracks for those who want to admire the snowy landscape. Another important ski run to be explored is Rendezvous Trail. This trail shows three sections and provides an incredible view of the valley.
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If you are an advanced skier, you could crash your way down from the top, and go through a multitude of trees and gladiators. Middle skiers can opt for a spacious middle part of the race. If you are looking for a real physical exercise that will start your money with your thighs, try Hobbake! This ski zone will excite you with 28 degrees, completely left untreated. These programs can be found at the southern end of the resort. But, take into account the hops, regardless of its sections (north, middle, south) are not for the bad heart.
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But do not be scared if you are a skier journalist who visits Jackson Hole because the resort is also equipped with medium-sized corridors. You can even hire a guide from Mountain Sports School to help you take advantage of your skiing skills.
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You can also apply for a ski school excursion with a school and get to know the terrain nearby. You are obliged to discover something new and wonderful in this renovated winter wonderland.

Wyoming’s Grays River: a sports paradise

The River Grays in Western Wyoming is a legend for hunters around the globe, and without a doubt is the state's younger hunting captain. The area boasts even more record males than anywhere else in Wyoming and ranks No. 5 in the world for the production of trophy muds. When you mention the words "Grays River" to many hunters, she exhibits pictures of heavy horns of dollars in an uneven country.

Earth in the Grays region is certainly robust.
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The steep canyon of the walls, the high peaks of the elevation and the rocky ridges make this an ideal habitat for jars. With the main waters in the Wyoming range of 45 miles south of the Alpine, the Grace River runs north more than 60 miles before joining Snake. With the west coast of the Salt River and the coast of Wyoming in the east, this wild and scenic end is a paradise for hunters and young fishermen.

In addition to providing an excellent reindeer habitat, the region is also the home of a healthy herd of a residential elephant that lives along the river year.
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The Grays of the River Grays has been growing steadily over the past several years. The area has impressive bulls of Wyoming, and the high relationship between bulls and cows has attracted the attention of elk hunters around the world.

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"The Grays River area is one of my favorite hunting sites," said David Dandridge, a hunter guide from SNS Outfitters. "It's a big, robust country and it's a challenge, but these big deer deer excites me more than anything and there is nothing like being upstairs on a horse in that beautiful country."

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The peaks surrounding the River Grays reach an altitude of 11,000 feet. The area is dominated by steep basins that collapse into black timber, grassy slopes, parks and isolated meadows. For hunters that get into the heart of this wild land, the scenery is unforgettable as hunting, and these two are an inseparable part of the adventure.

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For many visitors to this area, it may be difficult to decide on the best part. Starlit riding in your hunting zone before dawn can be just as important as leveling your eyes on a trophy mole or on a harbor. One is sure. Those who visit the Grays area of ​​Wyoming almost always find an excuse to return.

Veteran hunting guide Wyoming Guy Palmquist recently said: "Hunting in this area is absolutely exciting and never old." I could not say anything better.

Wyoming Antelope Hunt

Every year, around June, I have the itching to catch, knowing that in most countries, their deadline for the declaration of rights will be shortly. Wyoming is no doubt the best antelope hunt in the United States. If you want, you can buy or apply for more permissions. It depends on what you want, meat or trophy.
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If you want meat, you can get between 2 and 5 permits for doel antilopa. If you want fine shopping, you need to explore and find out where the trophies come from. (I would suggest a Red Desert in the northwest of Wamsutter Wyoming north of I-80 or southwest of Wamsutter south of I80. Some huge bucks in both Green River Areas If my memory is correct, it's a homework to decide what you want.

Call the Wyoming Department of Game and Fish in Cheyenne. They're really great to help you. Ask for license applications, which include folders.
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Ask if there are permits for issuing a money or a permit. Ask for these apps. Once you've got them, decide where you want to hunt. Most of the country is inaccessible! But there is a significant part that is a state or a federal state that you can hunt. It's all per unit, and there's another unit mark for every great game type. The same deer unit will have a different number of units for Antelope. Some areas YOU MUST have a guide.

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I decided to hunt doe anelope for a year near Gillette, in the northern eastern corner of Wyoming, it's actually not close or close. The group that my friend Gordon did, my old friend Tom (now banned) and me. We hunted down the unit 22, just a few miles southwest of Gillette. We could only find a few square kilometers of land in which we could hunt. They were all bound by guides and landowners. It's really hard to get any kind of hunting license.

We had to settle for 1 mile. He came in daylight, and naked, everywhere was an antelope. There were many hunters around us. That's what they call school land. State land that you can hunt. Each of us had 2-3 permits, and Antelope for 3-4 miles would arrive over 1 mile of land all day. We filled everything, but I think it's one mark. All Doi.

We went to Gillette and bought the sacks of ice to stay in the hollow cavity of all the games, and from the evening we decided to go ahead and drive home, saving us all the costs of the motel and allowing us to cool our game ASAP. Evening this year in Wyoming become really nice and cool. It was about 5 hours drive back to Longmont Colorado where we all lived.

The reason we go to Wyoming is that it has become so political that it is hunting the Antholposes in Colorado for residents. You may need years to get a property tag that you can only hunt. If you have a hunting show, you'll almost certainly get a license. Colorado is not as close to their hunters as Wyoming. Maybe, unless you're out of the country. Hahaha.

Bentonite clay Colon Cleanse

Eat clay? Really? Yes really. But not any clay. This is not a recommendation to dig in the yard and make a "muddy soup" for lunch. Instead, it is a natural clay called "bentonite". It is increasingly used by practitioners of alternative medicine for effective in-house cleansing and detoxification.

The consumption of clay for digestive health, removal of toxins and antibacterial properties is nothing new. In fact, the tribal tribes practiced for centuries. Even animals were instinctively attracted by clay, they were spotted licking them as part of a daily diet.

What is bentonite clay?

Bentonite is a commercial name for the active mineral "montmorillonite". Although the healing clay was first identified in Montmorillon, France, the highest concentrations of bentonite are found in North America, in the Great Plains area. The name "bentonite" refers to Fort Benton, Wyoming, where it is discovered in cretaceous rocks.

It is a clay consisting of tiny platelets that have both negative and positive electrical charges. When exposed to fluid, the platelets are swollen and open like tiny sponges. Open spaces attract toxins with electric attraction and bind them.

The health benefits of bentonite cleansing of the colon

Taken internally, bentonite clay is inert, which means it is not digestible, but passes through the body, carrying toxins bound inside it. According to Canadian Journal of Microbiology, bentonite has the ability to absorb pathogenic viruses along with pesticides and herbicides. It also absorbs heavy metals and other impurities.

As an internal cleansing agent, bentonite clay pushes old waste material into the colon. This allows the body to digest food better to absorb and utilize nutrients. This leads to improved pitch, increased energy and vitality, and less problems with gas and acidity problems.

Detoxification strengthens the immune system. A large part of the immune system of the organism is directed towards the intestines to fight against the continuous bombardment of toxins and diseases to organisms. The old waste that accumulates results in foods that literally compost in the intestines that require significantly increased energy from the immune system. Occasionally cleaning the body of the old, constructed waste reduces the necessary energy and immunity.

Promising advantages of bentonite clay

Researchers from the state of Arizona, in a study funded by the National Institutes of Health, tested different clays from around the world to study their antibacterial activity. They discovered clay from Nevada, Oregon and France that has the ability to kill methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA. It's an antibiotic-resistant infection that is potentially fatal. This is becoming increasingly common and worrying for health service providers. Bentonite clay may prove to be an effective treatment if the results are effective in human tests.

Clay has been shown to be effective in killing E. coli cells that cause food poisoning. It has also been shown to destroy cells of pseudomonas aeruginosa that cause gastrointestinal and urinary infections.

Eating this special "dirt" can be very useful for your health. It is used periodically, maintains the health of the digestive tract, maximizes nutrient absorption, detoxifies and can even protect against dangerous bacteria and pathogenic viruses.

Hit slopes: Dreamy Snowboarding Vacations

Excitement of snowboarding

Snowboarding, the skill of skating along the snowy slopes on an elongated board, has become very popular among winter sports fans. Even those who do not like cold, but love the excitement of physical activity, have found joy in snowboarding. No matter where you live in the world, there is a dreamy snowboarding site nearby. Before planning your next vacation, you may want to consider the condition on the slopes.

Snowboarding Resorts

The nation is provided with resorts that offer snowboarding lessons to suit every holiday plan. You will find snowboarding skiing in countries all over the United States, if you know where to look. In Canada, Lake Louise and Whistler are two very popular places for snowboarding and snowboarding. California Squaw Valley is a great, dreamy snowboarding holiday for those who want to learn the snowboarding skill. Sun Valley in Idaho, and the Moonlight Basin in Montana are the popular Rocky Mountain snowboarding destinations.

In Nevada, Heaven is the best place for snowboarding, and Jackson Hole is where you want to go if Wyoming is the country of your choice. If you opt for snowboarding, you also have another winter sport. In a lush mountain landscape and a sharp white snow, you can discover that snowboarding is the answer to your dream holiday.

Utah is filled with large resorts; where can you make all snowboarding, please, and even get lessons. Deer Valley, The Canyons, Snowbird and Park City are well-known and beautiful resorts that you can check out if you visit Utah. For snowboarding, you can hardly be better than the beautiful Utah peaks.

Without, of course, you're going to Colorado. The American capital of winter resorts, Colorado is famous for its famous resorts … and their beautiful snow. Regardless of the winter activity you want to get involved, this is one of the best places to go out. Aspen is probably best known for its Colorado snowboarding and skiing. Other vacation spots in Colorado include Snowmass, Copper Mountain, Crested Butte, Keystone, Breckenridge, Telluride, Steamboat Springs, Vail, Winter Park and Beaver Creek.

A dreamy holiday in snowboarding

To have a perfect snowboard break, the location is important. But the willingness to try something new is also needed when it comes to snowboarding. Snowboarding is a sport that can be very exciting and exciting, but also dangerous – so make sure you have all the appropriate equipment and take all necessary precautions. Inexperienced snowboarders should be instructed by security experts. With proper instructions, snowboarding can be one of the greatest lifestyle experiences. Vacation on board is not just a trip to a snowy country, but a real adventure.

Think about where to go and be sure to take all the equipment and equipment that you need for your dream holiday on the snowboard. Proper planning is required, so try to put snowboarding lessons pre-agreed if needed. When you arrive at your snowboarding holiday destination, you do not want to waste your time. You want to get out of there and immediately hit the slopes and get on the snow. So, prepare everything in advance to take your dream holiday on the board and run it immediately.

If you are planning a holiday on a snowboard, then you are ready for a lot of fun and excitement. Do not forget to stay safe, your dream holiday on board will be a dream come true.

History of rafting

Interestingly, rafting was one of the earliest forms of transport. It is not only used for the transport of people, but also for shifting goods from one place to another. However, it became quite popular as a form of leisure activity in the 1980s.

In 1811, the first recorded attempt to navigate the Snake River in Wyoming was planned by the Overland Astorians. As he tried to drive a foot under Jackson Hole, the river was overly dangerous and called Mad River.

It is believed that the rubber raft for the river was invented in the early 1840s. It was first made by lieutenant John Fremont, who then served in the US Army and Horace H. Day. They invented a rubber raft with the intention of exploring the Rocky Mountains and the Great Plains. Although the raft was invented in the mid-nineteenth century, only the end of the century was the first commercial trip of white water. At first, the surplus of military rafts were used as boats, and only later boats were used.

Private companies have played an important role in increasing rafting. In 1956, one of the richest business families of America, John D. Rockefeller, built a resort that introduced one of the first floating trips to the country. However, this just provoked a lukewarm response. Later, sixties and seventies of the last century, exclusive white water rafting companies were formed. These are Becker-Cooke expeditions, Hatch River Expeditions and Slickrock Adventures.

Rafting was first involved in the Olympic Games in Munich in 1972, and was later included in games in Barcelona in 1992 and Atlanta in 1996. In 1996, the Ocoee River in Tennessee Valley hosted white events in the Summer Olympics.

Sports Gambling

Sports gambling, also called sports betting, includes predicting sporting results by putting a role on the outcome of a sporting event. The legality and acceptance of sports betting varies from one nation to another. It also varies from one country to another. The legal age limit for sports gambling is usually twenty-one years.

Some of the sports that a person can bet on are NFL games, horse racing, professional hockey, racing games and baseball. Some of the sports that are not normally available for gambling are golf, Indy 500 and tennis. The gambler can bet on sports in Nevada and Oregon where betting is legal. Wyoming also allows sports betting, but there is some uncertainty about the topic.

Although it is illegal to bet on sports in the US, there are many illegal betting sites in every city and town. Other betting options include internet and offshore gambling that are a relatively new phenomenon. Gambling on the Internet is a bit more risky than gambling on the land because the gambler can not judge the quality of the gaming institute. Many of the scams and deceptions have become known in recent years. However, many people successfully bet online and win on a regular basis.

There are many types of betting in sports gambling. Some of the popular types include betting spreads, bets on offer, line betting, over / under bets, parlays, and teasing. The gains and procedures for these bets are different for betting. All gains and losses of gambling are reported to the IRS each year, and anyone who has a bet of more than $ 10,000 will have to fill in the IRS Form before the start of the betting process.

According to research, seven out of ten adults in the United States bet on a sport in 2005. Total revenue generated by online betting went $ 12 billion in the same year. This shows that sports betting is not imposed as well as other gambling because it is a skill in which the knowledge of a gambler for a particular sport is tested along with his betting skills.

ABCs of Tax Lien Investing

Are you interested in a 6 to 50 percent return on your money, secured by a lien on property?

Author Joel S. Moskowitz explains how investors can buy a little-known certificate of tax bonds that pay high yields in their book The 16 Percent Solution.

As a bonus, although the author warns that this rarely happens, the investor could be kicked and turned off the property. However, he warns that property owners usually redeem, so investors must be satisfied with only high yields.

What is a certificate of tax lien?

When the owner of the real estate does not pay property tax, 27 countries and 1,152 cities and counties sell investors certificates of tax stock. The government immediately receives money from property tax. The investor purchases the tax stock, which is then secured for real estate.

Returns to tax certificates vary in accordance with national law. The highest rate in Arizona is 16 percent, Florida pays 18 percent and in Michigan the rate goes up to 50 percent in the second year. If the property owner does not buy property from the investor by paying back taxes plus a high interest rate, the investor gets ownership and ownership of the property.

New investors can start small, possibly investing a few hundred or several thousand dollars, and then later to buy more certificates of pledge. Although not all countries are smart enough to offer tax certificates to speed up tax collection, after reading this book, they will find out why they should.

At the time of writing, countries that currently offer tax certificates include Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, York , North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming.

An extraordinary addition to the book lists interest rates and procedures across countries. For real estate investors who want to earn high returns without physical asset management, this new book shows how to do it. It also explains several traps to avoid and how to buy the best certifications with the highest profit opportunities.

On my scale from 1 to 10, this excellent book rated a solid 10.

Sustainable Development – The Role of Coal

The debate about the future of the US energy policy is warming up, and it is possible to achieve temperatures close to burning in the middle of politics this explosive pre-election season. One industry that has long been the pillar of the US power plant is coal, and the coal case particularly satisfies two reasons. The first is that large reserves in the western US states, such as Montana and Wyoming, provide a sustainable path to enhanced energy independence from unstable and often ineffective oil producing countries. Only reserves in Montana are staggering 120 billion tons; at the level of consumption in 2006, this would be sufficient to fully meet the needs of China's coal in almost half a century. Negative, of course, is that coal-fired thermal power plants are among the worst greenhouse gas emitters.

This conflict of interest has caused loud confrontations in Washington and across the country regarding the role that coal will have in the future of America. Majority Leader in the Democratic Senate Harry Reid and other influential representatives of the Congress, such as Henry Waxman, have shown their opposition to promoting coal interests, arguing that carbon spending is very high and that attention is focused on renewable energy sources such as wind, geothermal and solar energy. Conscious of the rising pressure, coal mining giants who enjoy billions of profits are looking for the use of fuels that will reduce the amount of carbon in the atmosphere. But for Reid and others, the term "clean coal" will only ever be oxymoron.

The Democratic Governor of Montana, Brian Schweitzer, has built a great deserved reputation as an advocate of ecological causes. However, his state is divided between conservation elements and a more traditional core of ranchers and farmers and, of course, the interests of "big coal" to which he is not insignificant. Since he occupies that division, he is uniquely positioned to encourage better use of coal. "There is no choice but to go ahead with coal," he said recently. "The question is, how will we advance and develop a technology that will make coal clean?"

The focus of Schweitzer's bid is the implementation of large-scale coal gas and coal-fired coal projects (CTL). Like other alternative energy initiatives such as biofuels, their ultimate efficiency and desirability remain uncertain. But given the energy needs of America and the fact that in the foreseeable future coal power plants will continue to play a big role, it seems to have deserved our attention.

The process of coal gasification degrades coal into its constituents by subjecting it to high temperatures and applying pressure using steam and oxygen. The resulting synthetic gas or "synthetic gas" is mainly carbon monoxide and hydrogen. It is much easier to remove pollutants such as mercury and sulfur than synthetic gas, which allows it to burn cleaner. In addition, when it is snygas clean, it is similar to natural gas, which allows it to burn in more efficient gas turbines. The gas can be further converted into liquid fuel through the Fischer-Tropsch process, and can then be used directly as a fuel oil or even to drive the vehicle.

Perspective is not without unreasonable defects. First of all, this would imply the continuation of the exploitation of coal, and extraction itself might be a repugnant practice. Second, although it allows for a significant reduction in carbon dioxide in relation to the levels of dirty coal-fired power plants, considerable quantities are still being released. Releases are reliably easier to catch, but the prevailing idea of ​​"sequestration" – the storage of underground carbon dioxide – remains problematic. Finally, in infantile phases, the costs of an "integrated combined cycle gasification" (IGCC) for electricity generation are still very high. However, as with all new and unexplored technologies, it was expected that these costs would be reduced if the plants became widespread.

Due to the exploitation of coal that will continue to demand, and because it only allows CO2 reductions, and not their removal, coal gasification can not be considered a solution in the absolute sense. Of course, there is also an external issue of energy inputs for the gasification process. But when one adopts a more pragmatic attitude that the light of his desirability begins to shine. The extraction of coal must be strictly regulated. Early launch of IGCC plants will require major subsidies and other incentives. But if the costs start to fall, coal gasification and CTL technology can be key catalysts for energy independence and cleaner fuel.

Marilyn Monroe and the Silver Screen from the 1950s

From her unpublished roles in many of her early films such as Green grass from Wyoming , her most famous, or notorious, roles in movies such as Some people like it hot , Marilyn Monroe has always shown her presence on the screen. Whether she sang or just worked with a camera, Marilyn was known for leaving the audience with unforgivable images and long-lasting memories of her beautiful face and incomparable charisma. Over the years, Marilyn Monroe has been on the front pages and outside, but no matter what you remember, you certainly remember her.

Born in Norma Jean Mortenson in 1926, Marilyn Monroe had an unstable childhood and was married at the age of 16. However, by the age of 20, Marilyn began to make a name for herself when she matched Twentieth Century Fox. Although many of her roles in the early 1950s were small, of which she was not even credited, she took up the first stage after she acted in Niagara .

Many of the auditions, modern and those of Marilyn's Times, remember Marilyn Monroe for knock-out performances in films such as Gentlemen Prefer Blondes i How to marry a millionaire . Even though Marilyn's career ended too soon, its effects on the silver screen and in society as a whole will be felt for many years. Her influence on pop culture is almost unmatched by any celebrity before or after her.

More than just a pretty face or a talented actress, Marilyn Monroe was and is a legend. From her unforgettable moments on the screen, to her controversial decisions outside the screen (such as deciding to release naked pictures in Playboy in 1953), she will remain in the heads of all those who have seen her face for many years.

Halle Berry in Miss World 1986 – An Unknown Story!

In the early 2000s, Halle Berry set the precedent and made the history of Miss World when she became the first ex queen of beauty to win the Oscars. Since 1995, Berry, who won the Miss USA World 1986, had a strong impact on beauty competitors as well as on black performers on both sides of the Atlantic. In addition to being one of the great actresses of the 21st century, Berry will remain remembered as one of the most beautiful black representatives in Miss World's history, with Aretha Rocke (Trinidad and Tobago Delegate 1982) and Jennifer Hosten (Miss World, 1970). as well as Kayong "Benita" Mureka (Zaire's Candidate 1985) and Veronique Caloc (Miss France 1998). In 1998, the Miss USA organization awarded Halle Berry "Distinguished Achievement Award"; was awarded to the former beauty queen, which is distinguished by performance and influence in America.

Miss United States

Halle Berry first attracted attention in early 1986, when she reached Miss USA Universe – one of the best prizes in the world – in Miami, Florida. But before she could do this this year, she won two awards for the beauty award: Miss Teen All American Pageant 1985 and then Miss Ohio USA. In Miami, the former host of Miss Universe Pageant, young Berry, who served as its manager, finished second, ahead of the 49 most beautiful and most talented candidates in America. Each delegate is rated in three categories: swimsuit, evening dress and interview. The judges were Rene Enriquez (actor born in Nicaragua), Michael Young (performer), Kimberly Tomes (Miss Texas and Miss USA Universe 1977), Dave Robinson (singer), Waymon Tisdale (former basketball player), Mai Shanley (Miss New Mexico) and Miss USA 1984), John Callahan (actor), Maria Remenyi (Miss California and Miss USA 1966), Christopher Hewett (actor), Miriam Stevenson (Miss South Carolina and Miss Universe 1954), Carol Connors (singer) and John Bolger actor).



1-Texas 9.076 points

2-Halle Berry (Ohio) 8,640

3-Mississippi 8.530

4-Illinois 8,493

5-South Carolina 8,443

6-Georgia 8,440

7-California 8,436

8-North Carolina 8,426

9-Oklahoma 8.356

10-Wyoming 8.301

Results: Second round

Interview ……………… Swimsuit …………….. Evening dress

1.Ohio 9.230 ……………….. 1.Texas 9.610 ………… 1.Tekas 9.510

2.Mississippi 9.215 ………. 2.Ohio 9.240 …………… 2.Ohio 9.360

3.Texas 9.100 ………………. 3.Califor. 8.970 ……… 3.Califor. 9.177

4.Georgia 8.780 ……………. 4.Georgia 8.910 …….. 4.Govor. 8.760

5.SCarolina 8.744 …………. 5.SC 8.870 ………………. 5.NC 8.820

6. Illinois 8.588 ………………. 6.NC 8.770 ………………. 6.SC 8.760

7.Oklahoma 8.480 …………. 7.Okla. 8.730 ………….. 7.Miss. 8.660

8.Califor. 8.266 ………….. 8. Illinois 8.580 …………. 8.Illinois 8.610

9.NC 8.280 …………………… 9.Mississippi 8.570 …… 9.Okla. 8.490

10.Wyoming 7.890 ……… 10.Wyo. 8.370 …………. 10.Wyo. 8.190


1.Texas 9.406

2. Halle Berry, Miss Ohio 9.226

3.Georgia 8.853

4.Mississippi 8.815

5.California 8.804

6. South Carolina 8.791

7. North Carolina 8.597

8.Illinois 8.593

9.Oklahoma 8.567

10.Wyoming 8.150

Final results:

Miss USA Universe 1986: Christy Fichtner (Dallas, TX)

First place: Halle Berry (Ohio)

Second place: Tammi Tesh (Georgia)

Third place: Cindy Williams (Mississippi)

Fourth second-ranked: Kelly Parsons (California)

Special awards

Miss Photogenic: Beth King (Miss Wyoming)

Miss Congeniality: Lisa Summerour-Perry (Miss New Jersey)

Due to his exceptional performance, Berry competed in Miss World 1986 in England. She was nominated for US delegates to replace Brenda Denton, Miss New Mexico and Miss USA World, which took third place in Britain in late 1985. Berry's appearance at 35. Miss America comes as a little surprise for people who followed the Americans. конкурс; a result that seemed almost impossible several decades earlier. In the 1970s and early 1980s, three black beauty organizations had black queens, but the Miss USA organization did not succeed until 1990, when the statue of Carole Gist, standing at 1.82m, won the national trophy.

Sixteen years before the day before Miss USA 1986. Jennifer Hosten, a native of Grenada – an English-speaking island in the Caribbean Sea – became the first black participant to be crowned Miss World. But she was not the only one. At the end of the 1970s, Gina Ann Casandra Swaisson of Bermuda, another "Caribbean queen", won a global award in the UK. Two years ago, July 26, 1977, Janelle Commissiong, Miss Trinidad Tobago – according to the New York Times "Black Bomb" – became the first black winner in the 26-year history of Miss Universe. Then, in 1984, Vanessa Williams became the first black Miss America in Atlantic City, but her reign was overdue and replaced by Suzette Charles, another black beauty.

Halle Berry in Miss World 1986!

The final ceremony on November 13, 1986 was held at Royal Albert Hall in London, in front of an audience of 8,000 spectators. About 77 countries and addictions participated in this competition, including Gambia, Tonga and Man Island. In November 1986, Berry broke the precedent by participating in the global competition, where she finished among the top six. It was the first time in Miss World's history that America sent a black participant to London, the home of the World Organization.

There were interesting anecdotes: Miss Bolivia, Claudia Arevalo Ayala, was a member of one of the most important Bolivian volleyball clubs; Miss Ecuador was an English language teacher and model in her homeland; and Gibraltar, a small British dependence in Europe, has become the smallest territory on the planet to send representatives to London. Interestingly, Maria Juarist Mateo Begoña, Miss Venezuela, had the most expensive evening dress at this event. The value is not less than US $ 16,000! On the other hand, Poland sent delegates to a global competition – to a country where communist regimes traditionally banned beauty competitions. In the meantime, Sri Lanka, a country in crisis for years, also participated. There were 17 black entries from Africa, Europe and America. It was the first time that France sent a black delegate to the Miss World election.

However, the British election should not be left without mentioning Halle Berry. She was also the first black woman from an industrialized nation to win the Miss World Miss World. Ohio's Berry became the 36th American delegate who competed in Miss World, a competition in which the US did not have great performance. In 1972, Lynda Carter – a famous entertainer of the late 70s and early 80s – was a semi-finalist. On November 23, 1973, Miss USA, Marjorie Wallace, defeated Miss Philippines, Evangeline Pascual, and became Miss World. In the mid-'70s, countries suffered a serious slowdown when Annelise Ilschenko and Kimberly Marre Foley failed to enter the semifinals. Then, in the coming years, America could not win the title.

From the beginning of the global event, Halle Berry was considered the leading international title candidate, along with Linda Marie McManus of New Zealand, Giselle Jeanne-Marie Laronde of Trinidad and Tobago, Maria Juarist Begoña of Venezuela, Alison Louise Slack from the United Kingdom, Roberta Pereira of Brazil and Margot Montt from Chile.

Two and a half weeks before the global competition, Berry and the other 76 recordings made a photographic footage in Macau, the former Portuguese colony in Asia. On her arrival in Macao, she was greeted by a crowd of about 200 cheerleaders who greeted the traditional blessing: "Ni hao" (healthy in Chinese).

In the first round, Miss USA World 1986 finished third in a row after Venezuela Maria Juarist Mateo Begoña and Linda Marie McManus from New Zealand. Berry won 42 points for 46 Miss Venezuela and 44 for Miss New Zealand. The South American Delegate, the main rival of Berry, has been well prepared for a year by Osmel Souse, the world's most successful director of beauty in the second half of the 20th century.

In the second round, Halle Berry had 27 points in a bathing suit.


1-Miss Ireland 39 points

2-Miss Trinidad & Tobago 34 points

3-Miss Austria 33 points

4-Miss Venezuela 30 points

5-Great Britain 30 points

6-Miss Denmark 29 points

7. Miss New Zealand points

8-Miss USA Halle Berry: 27 points

9-Miss Ecuador 27 points

10-Miss Panama 22 points

11-Miss Yugoslavia (today's Serbia) 21 points

12-Miss Philippines 20 points

13- Miss Costa Rica 20 points

14-Miss Colombia 20 points

15-Miss Swaziland 20 points

Final results:

Miss World 1986: Giselle Laronde (Trinidad and Tobago)

First holder: Pia Rosenberg Larsen (Denmark)

Second place: Chantal Schreiber (Austria)


Miss New Zealand

Miss Venezuela

Miss USA

Miss Ecuador

Special awards:

Miss Photogenic: Rosemary Elizabeth Thompson (Ireland)

Miss Personality: Dominique Martinez (Gibraltar)

Continental Queens

Miss Africa: Illana Faye Lapidos (Miss Swaziland)

Miss Asia: Sherry Rose Byrne (Miss Philippines)

Miss Europe: Pia Rosenberg Larsen (Denmark)

Miss Americas: Giselle Laronde (Trinidad and Tobago)

Miss Oceania: Lynda Marie McManus (New Zealand)

Yellow Pages, Generic Business Directory Names, and Short Advertising History with them

The yellow pages have a long history that goes back to the century or so, in 1883, when the printer in Wyoming simply ran out of white paper and started using yellow paper instead of for business entries. The yellow pages compile a catalog listing different industries according to their generic categories, rather than being listed alphabetically, which has often caused confusion in the past. As the name implies, this directory is published on pages that are yellow and not white. Although originally this name was reserved for all types of commercial paper entries, it is now extended to online ads and company directories. The name to be remembered has a trademark in the United Kingdom. In the US and some other countries this name is not protected and since then many directors and telephone companies have been freely using it to publish and edit commercial ads. Nearly 75 telephone directories use the online address "Yellow Pages".

In many countries, these directories are slightly different to avoid issues with a trademark. In Romania, Belgium, the Czech Republic, some other European countries, these nouns are called "Golden Pages". In several countries, they are called silver pages, city pages, or rainbow pages. All these names retain the same meaning: a commercial directory that contains not only ads from different categories of business, but also commercial advertisements. Typical Yellow Pages companies with a comprehensive list of all companies located in a particular area according to similarities between certain business categories, and then listed alphabetically for better reference and quicker use. Typically, such directories are published by telephone companies, but because of the profitability of such books, several private companies have also invested in this line of business, often by publishing directories targeting certain demographic groups.

The business directory combines its information from several services. Often in the case of public directories published by local telephone companies, using their own customer lists and information, lists provided by telephone service providers are also used. Owners of companies using services other than local telephone companies must ensure that their ads are updated in the following directories. Ads in these directories are based on location, size, and type of activity, and can be compiled manually or using certain online software. The procedure for posting ads in one of these phonebooks is simple. In most cases, the advertising assistant that comes from the selected directory will help the company create its own design, and then put it in a proof and review. Collection in all such cases is done either before printing ads in the directory or after printing, but in the contracted period, which usually lasts 12 months.

Although the use of the print directory has been of great use to companies and businesses for several decades, their use has been declining, as most current users opt for online directories that offer much faster and easier access. This is why most companies catalog online versions for their technologically smarter users. A local business listing provides several types of information for users such as: address, contact details, service type or goods provided by the company, an area that is sufficient for its service, associated associations, etc. and feedback to your users for a better and better service. Several of these directories, including the provision of premium ads, also retain space for additional and complementary entries that are much more comprehensive and, therefore, more useful.

Now you can specify your business with any of these directories or sites with incredible ease, because most of these directories have online versions where publishing your own ads becomes much simpler. These, however, are easy to search and must not interfere with the search engines because they do not publish information based on keywords, but categories and sub-divisions of different types of businesses. These directories are available in print and digital formats, improving access and promoting ease of distribution. However, there are many controversies about the quality and content of these online or digital versions of directories. Some believe that in the past there was a certain compromise between the cost-effectiveness and the quality of online directories. Moreover, there are surveys that point to the fact that small businesses still opt for printed directories instead of online versions. However, some groups of public interest gather against printed versions of these directories because they consider that printed catalogs are waste paper and are not environmentally acceptable. There are several advantages of online or electronic directories, among which the main fact is that these directories can be automatically and easily updated in real time, you do not have to wait for the process of updating printed versions once a year.

Interaction between buyers and suppliers is what is the local search for business directory entries. There are several types of directories available on the market, which enhance this interaction, the most common example is the directory for shopping. These searches result in extensive lists of companies that are grouped together on the basis of certain homogeneity. Lists are exhaustive and provide multiple choices within the same subcategory that maximize maximizing profits by competing companies.

These days the B2B catalog is also gaining in popularity, which makes one line of interaction between the producers and wholesalers, and then wholesalers and traders. These directories provide comprehensive information for business dealers in which each requires raw materials, representations, partnerships and partnerships to improve business results. These directories are not used by consumers who already seek help in the criminal phases of the production process. Such directories are generally used in the marketing of goods and services that require the interaction of several business categories.