"Geology is the terminology of 90 percent and 10 percent of science," said Ray E. Harris, one of the leading geologic theoreticians in Wyoming, who had been with Wyoming's geological survey since 1982. He died on March 7th. We met two weeks earlier and talked to Mr. Harris. Anyone we met in Wyoming, who was interested in uranium mining, went through one of his offices at one time or another, which was an addition to the University of Wyoming in Laramie.
Terrence Osier of Strathmore Minerals was a frequent visitor to his box on the third floor. Norman Burmeister of Kilgore Minerala met Ray Harris the day before our meeting. When we announced an upcoming interview with Billy Boberg from UR-Energy to discuss his prediction that Central Wyoming, by its own merits, to the uranium province, kindly told us to say hello to Bill. Anyone who explores or develops uranium assets in Wyoming was in the name of the first name with Ray Harris.
One of the main geologists for Burlington Northern Burlington Northern, who bought Santa Fe Pacific, and then released Santa Fe Gold (later released from Newmont Mining), Ray Harris wrote voluminously and passionately about uranium mining. The Weymouth legislator and president of Strathmore Minerals, David Miller, introduced us to Ray Harris. Miller recently wrote Ray Harris email after he informed us of his death. "He was a supporter of Wyoming diversification in the production of industrial minerals and uranium.
Ray Harris traveled to the world by exploring and studying uranium deposits. He was well versed in the geology of any significant uranium deposit on earth and was involved in research, development and uranium mining. In the Wyoming Public Information Circular Geological Survey, published in 1986, Ray Harris presented a unique and perhaps controversial thesis, "The deposit of uranium deposits in Atabasca, Canada and North Australia – the significance of Wyoming research." In his introduction, Harris wrote:
"Wyoming has some uranium phenomena in geological environments similar to those in Australia and the Atabas basin, and it seems to have the potential for a uranium deposit similar to the size of those dumps."
Harris acknowledged in his article: "The reported reserves for these two regions are 436,360,000 tons of U3O8, or one quarter to one third of proven non-Co-Communist reserves." At the same time, the total US Uranium reserves of $ 30 / pound in 1982 amount to 203,000 tonnes. Wyoming's piece of this pit pie stands at 32,700 tonnes. It was a brave claim, open to discuss the ill-founded dispute and surrender.
There may be truth in Harris. FIRST. In 1981, ES Cheney published an article in an American scientist called "Hunt for Giant Deposit Deposit", where he explained that the large deposit would contain more than 100 million pounds of renewable U3O8. However, can the parts be more than one huge uranium? William Boberg, in his 1981 article, "Some Specifications on the Development of Central Wyoming as a Uranium Province," published in the Wyoming Geological Collaborative Guide, wrote: "The Wyoming Province of Uranium consists of several urinal areas (Gas Hills, Shirley Basin, Crooks Gap, Red Desert, River Basin and Black Hills), each consisting of several to several individual deposits of uranium. In the second part of this series, Wyoming, Senator Robert Peck advised tomorrow that there were "50 to 60 million pounds of renewable uranium in the hills on the gases proved by previous drilling. "
Warren Finch, in the US Geological Survey Bulletin # 2141 (1996, US Press Office, Washington), wrote in his article entitled "The Uranium Provinces of North America – Their Definition, Distribution and Models", that "… Lands Identify Distribution major uranium clusters, generally 500 tonnes and more U3O8 … "Since January 1970, when Bowie SHU described how to wipe out the uranium deployment and seeks large deposits of uranium in paper that he presented at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna , geologists want to compare similar geological settings between geographically different deposits of uranium, and more precisely define uranium provinces.
Ray Harris wrote in his earlier quoted article: "In the United States there is no ore production of bodies similar to those of the Atabag Valley and North Australia, but two settlements, currently not mined, can be similar genes near Chatham, Pittsylvania County, Virginia and the Bakers Mountains, Fremont County, Wyoming. "(Editors note: According to the Strathmore Minerals website, the property of Copper Mountain, previously drilled by Anaconda Uranium Corp until 1997, has a historically-owned resource of over 38 million pounds U3O8.)
Harris explained that the high-quality uranium deposit in the United States, the geological similarities with the deposit of the Athabasca basin, could not be quickly shut down. Chatham, a uranium dump in Virginia, estimates four kilograms per tonne of ore and believes that it can contain 30 million pounds of uranium oxide. He wrote: "… the setting is similar to uranium deposits that are inconsistent with harmonization … at first glance, it seems to have been formed similar to the dumps of Athabasca and northern Australia." Unfortunately, a Virginia lawmaker voted to ban uranium mining, which offers a temporary drop in this deposit. This is not the case in mining that is friendly to Wyoming, where in the first part of this series, the governor of the state was invited to companies to bring hours of uranium projects and money to their country.
Wyoming's geological potential for US utilities
It is known that Wyoming has more uranium drops in its sand. Promining the country, a prolific number of uranium deposits and a rise in uranium prices on the uranium wells market are combined to make Wyoming become the center of the United States for on-site handling (ISL), also known as the mining solution. However, as Ray Harris suggested during our interview, there may be a larger source of uranium, perhaps one that may be competitive with Athabasca Basin or North Australia. This is the promise he spoke about in the 1980s, in a previous citation, and again in 1993, Harris & article "The Geological Classification and Origin of Radioactive Minerals in Wyoming".
In his work in 1986, Harris concluded: "Given the impressive length of the exposure, the relatively low depth of the subconstruction of favorable inconsistencies in Wyoming, as well as the large amounts of uranium available for mobilization, somewhere in Wyoming there should be a deposit of uranium that does not consist in consent ". One possibility, as proposed by Harris, may be in the areas of the Copper Mountains of the district of Fremont. Harris wrote that "in the Bakarna Mountain region" uranium occurs in fractured and weakened overcombined walls and an inconsistent breakthrough formation of the Eocene Chapel Trail, "he added. "Uranium is spatially linked to fractures and subsidiary disorders associated with Laramide North Canning." Rocky Mountain Energy Company carried out a detailed drilling in the North Canning landfill. "
Harris explained that mineralization occurs in Precambrian granite and closed metaphyses. For mineralization it is claimed that they are primarily low-temperature figs and coffins. Harris compared the North Canning landfill with uranium deposits that were not in compliance with regulations. He wrote: "It is likely that the deposit is formed by a process similar to those that functioned in Atabasca and the Northern Australian region." We checked with David Miller from Strathmore Minerals (TSX: STM; the other OTC: STHJF) about their property of the Copper Mountain. He replied by e-mail: "We have all the federal minerals in the area that cover mineralization of uranium: about 75 percent of the gross uranium resources, and Canning Deposit owns about 60 percent of us and 40 percent of Neutron." Strathmore Minerals has about 100 mining requirements in this area. "
The source of rolled uranium uranium rolling crows is open to debut and has yet to be clarified. William Boberg wrote in 1981: "The most important finds of Wyoming appearing in the Lower Cretaceous Inyan Kara Black Hills group, in the formation of the Paleocene Fort Union in the dust basin, in the Eocene correlation mushrooms in all major uranium municipalities." Warren Finch later described Wyoming's fronts of rolling shutters in his previous work: "The predominant type of uranium embankment is the laying of the front sandstone layer in a tertiary continental venting base between the elevation that entered the sandy one from the hostel to the edge of the basin." Two possible sources of uranium were: 1) the uraniferous Preambian granite that provided sediment for the sandstone in the household and (2) overwhelmed oligocene volcanic ash. "Ray Harris was more inclined towards the first. He advocated more for the second explanation for the source of the uranium.
Boberg wrote: "It seems that the currently available evidence supports a hypothesis that calls for combined sources of precambrian granite and volcanic ash falls that produce a unique liquid that creates a hole that has a rich uranium that penetrates into very porous and permeable young sediments of major altered languages and discrete deposits in a geologically short period of mineralization. "It was calculated that a typically altered" language "should have formed 700,000 years; a typical uranium insert in the roll could have been formed over 50,000 years ago.
Boberg speculated that numerous and intense ash-enriched ash fell from the Middle Eocene vulcanism, which was responsible for these landfills. He wrote: "The most important fact is that a series of volcanic events from various alien centers began some 50 million years ago, creating huge amounts of ash distributed through Wyoming and associated countries for more than 40 million years ago."
His explanation of the volcanic ash gives a valuable insight into how the uranium addresses in Wyoming have been formed:
"The volcanic ash, when fired by the first rain, produced a unique liquid, which was acidic and filled with ions, to approximately neutral but empty extra uranium from granite and possibly ash. High precipitation and climate provided a stable proportion of dissolved oxygen liquid, which leads to the formation of a unique, oxidizing, uranium enriched fluid that has entered into unconsolidated, reduced sediments by oxidizing them and transmitting uranium to the possible maximum oxidation. "
Boberg explained the development of the lateral fronts, wrote: "The fluid flow through very porous and permeable sediments would reliably allow the development of large oxidized nuclei with young sediments, as well as wasting urine into redox (oxidized reduction) within about a million years, and landfills formed near the granite mountains would be larger and with a higher average grade due to the abundance of dual granite and ash sources. "
The discovery of uranium JD Love in tertiary sandstone, 1951, was a superficial roll-front type of redox deposit. The rolling front sequence is followed by a synchronous linear trend, often in the form of letter C. Miners in Colorado and Utah have begun to invoke the configuration of the cross-sectional "roll" in the early 1940s. Roller fronts appear in the sand, borders above and below the less permeable pebbles. In Wyoming, "rollers" border with altered and unmodified sandy stone. It is generally concave from altered soil and convex to undeveloped soil. Harris & # 39; The idealized deposit of uranium in the roll would have "concentrations of uranium sharply reduced from the concave boundary, and concentrations gradually declined from the convex boundary in a reduced wall."
Uranium is not always present everywhere in the front roll. It can be unevenly distributed and there are often other elements, such as vanadium, selenium, molybdenum, copper, silver, lead and zinc. Geologists look for where rough-grained sandstones are built into finer grain or clay equivalents as indicators for uranium ore. As uranium geologists know with the frontal deposits, they can be digested as long as it is below the water table. When the landfills are packed above the water table, uranium concentration can be eroded and seriously modified.
This is not a uranium insert in the roll, which Harris was interested in, but the appearance of tabloid redox uranium was found in many parts of Wyoming. He found them the most prominent in the group of Crescent Inyan Kara on the black hills. Harris explained: "Uranium mines in New Mexico and many other parts of Plato in Colorado are also tabular findings." Tabular bodies, Harris remarked, describe their irregular tabular shape and are located parallel to bedding, other than the mineralization of the front roller blind that crosses bedding. Harris believed that some of the tabular bodies in tertiary walls were "limbs and separate limbs of the front roller blinds left in less permeable walls on the margins of the canal". He also said that tabular bodies can be preserved in oxidized stone due to high concentrations of other walls, such as coal or pyrite.
In any case, Harris agreed with other geologists that Wyoming is a uranium uranium province that occurs in almost all major time divisions in the country. He concluded: "Uranium was available for mobilization during each major period of time in relation to nonconformities." In the last few minutes together, he was convinced that many uranium development companies would need to sift more resources into research and find landfills of elephants, which he highlighted in three different parts of uranium. In his way of thinking, it was exciting that simple ISL extraction of uranium from previously drilled areas. As with others interviewed, a number of these areas will have surprises, but instead offers a stable, extraction of uranium for the production of cash that helps develop young companies. That's what US users and utilities from other countries want right away. Uyumiyum in Wyoming could sink many US nuclear reactors, as more companies condemn ISL uranium operations.
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