Snowboarding holidays – fun places for the whole family


Snowboarding quickly becomes one of the most popular family holidays. One of the biggest appeals to the family is that it is an active sport that gives everyone plenty of exercise. With today's active lifestyles, more families tend to have an active family vacation that provides plenty of fresh air and exercise.

Snowboarding is a winter sport that has evolved from skateboarding and surfing. When you're dealing with snowboarding, drive an epoxy-glass fiberglass board that resembles a large skateboard. The legs are tied to the snowboard while riding a ski trail or a special snowboard hose. Basically, you surf the ski resort.

Unlike skiing, where you shift your weight from one to the other, when you're dealing with snowboarding, you shift your dog weight to your fingers as well as one end of the snowboard to the other end.

Although many think snowboarding is similar to skiing, it's more like skateboarding and surfing. The only resemblance to skiing is that they both work on the snow and can be done on a ski slope.

Colorado is a great country for a snowboard holiday

Colorado is famous for being the home of the largest ski resort. The Vail Resort is located at the top of this mountain and has 33 lifts, 193 trails and 5,289 hectares of land on the ski slope. The Vail Resort is also recognized by offering the best services and instructions for skiing and snowboarding.

Vail is a great place for family vacation on board, because they are challenging enough for medium snowboarders in the family, while at the same time their 1500 instructors are always available to assist beginners. At Vail, snowboarders will find themselves in friendly territory. A special map will show you where to find places for freestyle snowboarding, as well as semi-tubes and field snowboarding parks.

Crested Butte in Colorado is another area that is famous for snowboarders. However, Crested Butte is not the best place to spend a family holiday. It's not a good area for kids and beginners, and it's best to give up to medium-sized snowboarders. It is very steep and ungroomed and packed with jumps and trails. Nightlife in this area can also become a bit wild, and the area is not perfectly suitable for family entertainment.

Jackson Hole, Wyoming is another area to be considered for a family holiday on board

Jackson Wyoming has changed over the past few years. Historically, it was known as summer hunting grounds for various Indian tribes. The United States purchased Wyoming from France in 1803 and it was a border town for the entire nineteenth century. The most convenient time for Wyoming is the summer moon when people go to visit Yellowstone and the Grand Teton National Park.

Winter is their vanseason, which makes it a nice place for a family holiday on board. It's easy to find accommodation, prices are off-season outside of the price, and you can not find many people, rows and wait while you are there.

Jackson Hole Ski Area is a great place for beginners and medium snowboarders, making it a great place for a family vacation. Located on Mount Rendezvous, this village consists of two peaks. It is an excellent playground for all levels of snowboarders with its untouched elevators and variable traction weight. The upper half of the Rendezvous Mountain is for extreme snowboarders, while the lower half is an easier-running trail.

Since Jackson Hole is at a lower altitude than some other areas, they get a shorter season. However, they still get about 32 meters of good snowy snow every winter.

Utah Resorts are welcome families for your snowboard holiday

In an attempt to boost business, holiday resorts in Utah make it easy for families to choose them for their snowboarding destination. A program throughout the country is called "Kids Ride Free". Almost every resort in Utah offers free children's cards with the purchase of adult tickets. In addition, many resorts in Utah make them "family friends" offering snowboarding, day-care camps for kids and child care centers for up to three months.

Alta Resort, located in the Albion Base area, offers children 3 to 12-month-old children and 4-year-olds for young children.

Brian Head Resort is renowned for its family atmosphere. Brian Head has a children's camp for children up to 12 years old. This is a fully-supervised winter sports program for babysitting. Brian Head also offers childcare services for children aged 6 weeks and older in their fully licensed child care center.

Brighton Resort has always been known as a fun, affordable place for a winter family holiday. They offer an affordable full-day ticket at a price that has not increased for several years. The adult ticket is still $ 41, and children 10 and younger still receive free lift tickets. Brighton offers all the levels of snowboarding instructions. They also have instructors who will take you to areas in a settlement that you would not find yourself.

Some other resorts in Utah, which are also a major family snowboarding destination, include Deer Valley Resort, Park City Mountain Resort, Snowbird Ski & Summer Resort, Solitude and Sundance. All this follows the Utah State Wide movement to become a favorite place to rest in the family. Each of them offers some kind of care for children, classes and teaching, and have rooms for advanced and medium snowboarders.

Snowboarding can be a wonderful family vacation

Whether you go to one of these destinations, or visit the ski area closer to home, snowboarding can be a vacation that the whole family can enjoy. While some family members can quickly engage in sports and progress to more challenging paths or snowboard hoses, you do not have to be an expert in snowboarding to enjoy it.

Snowboarding is a great family activity that provides a lot of exercise, fresh air, fun and laughter for everyone. Why not consider this for your next family vacation?


The story of the first continental railway in America


With the benefit of 150 years, today we can recognize that the completion of the Union Pacific Railroad in 1869 was of greater importance to US residents, culturally, socially and economically, from inaugurating the steamer service across the Atlantic or laying the telegraph cable for the Atlantic.

In the era of interstate highways and fast air traffic, it's hard to imagine how isolated those parts of the United States were most distant from the oceans, even in the mid-19th century. The most optimistic of our early president, Thomas Jefferson, spoke of "huge deserts without traces" in purchasing in Louisiana. Researcher Zebulon Pike compared these countries with the "sandy wasteland of Africa". Daniel Webster has declared the territory of Wyoming "not worth a cent", in addition, "the area of ​​savage, wild beast, sand movements, vortex of dust, cactus and prairie dogs."

North America's maps as far back as 1900, three decades after the launch of a railroad linking New York with San Francisco, showed 500,000 square miles of malignantly labeled "Great American Desert", a name invented by a 75-year-old state inspector. This wilderness covered nearly one-sixth of the 45 states of the young US Republic – along with still untamed territories of Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona, land received in the Union only after the twentieth century passage.

Jefferson deserves recognition that the first has taken steps to open a commercial road between the eastern states and the Pacific. While in France in 1779 as a US minister in Versailles, he asked John Ledyard to conduct a survey for him, but Ledyard was not able to implement it. Over the next seven decades, a distinct line of far-sighted Americans sought to bridge the American West with the US East, and their stories were preserved in several excellent 19th-century histories.

The records of the creation of the Panama Canal and the forging of the trans-continental railway were the best sellers in the Roosevelt and Taft administrations. Enough. Unfortunately, we forgot this part of the American fairy tale. And so it was my pleasure to understand the transformative nature of the rails connecting the two coasts of the North American continent of William Francis Bailey The story of the first continental railway, (Pittsburgh: 1906), Pittsburgh Printing Company. I read a book on Kindle, taken from the Gutenberg Project. I also downloaded a copy of the book from the Internet archive so I could look at the text and "feel" the book.

This is a story full of eccentric and visionary characters, including Asu Whitney, called "Father of the Pacific Railway". He was an American trader with wide experience abroad, mainly in China. He suggested to the Congress that the United States hand over the country's 60-mile stretch of railroad tracks to the spine, from Lake Michigan to the Pacific coast. Whitney suggested that the proceeds of "colonization" (his words) be used for this country with European immigrants (who will sell land along the railway line) to pay for the traces, retaining any surplus that remained for their private wealth. Whitney was tireless, traveling from Maine to the Missouri River at the time she visited Missouri, was similar to the Nile research.

Although the Senate Public Land Committee approved Whitney's proposal in 1848, the bill proposed to "Enable Asu Whitney, his successors or assignments, to build a railroad from any point on Lake Michigan or the Mississippi River, he can thus determine, in a series as almost as far as practically possible, to some point in the Pacific Ocean, where the port was "broken" by the voice of the full Senate, mostly because it was considered, along with the $ 4,000 annual pay that Whitney sought, is simply too rich a job for Whitney.

The Senator from Missouri opposed this measure as "to give the empire a greater proportion than eight of the original states with the sixty-mile ocean front, with contractual powers and patronage over the president of the United States." It was a fair critique. Asa Whitney did not get her "empire." If Whitney had succeeded in his plan, his "heirs and ministers" would now have more American surfaces than anyone other than the federal government itself. The Congress later decided to take over the railroad as a national venture, not as a private company controlled by a private citizen.

What actually connected two shores? What exactly do we mean by "Trans-Continental Railroad"? It appears only as a dream in people's minds such as Abraham Lincoln and his predecessors, often referred to as the "land route to the Pacific Ocean" or "Pacific Railroad". At that time, it was an ambitious technological venture as the moon landed a century later. It required the laying of some 1,905 miles adjacent tracks, starting from 1863 and continuing with the frenetic pace for six years, ended with a ceremony at the Promontory Summit in Utah on May 10, 1869, a meeting that was almost religious in its intensity, in which the last spike (this silver-made and carefully removed the same day for an exhibition at the railroad staff!) fell into the final lane to connect east to the western slopes. Soon the locomotive could pull a long train from New York to the port of San Francisco.

As cars began to move east and west, the nation suddenly had a fast, reliable and cheap mechanized technology for moving people and cargo anywhere in the country in terms of access, horses or cars, new stations along the railway route. The railroad "reduced the nation" and enabled Horace Greeley and other journalistic philosophers of that time to reasonably suggest claustrophobic origins to "go west" to make their fortune. Before the railroad, it meant that it took nine months or more in a car pulled into a maze to reach the Pacific. In the decades following the Atlantic and Pacific coastal linkage with the railways, remote and poorly populated "territories" were received in the Union as new states, largely adding the size and prestige of America.

Bailey's story is graceful and informative. It would be difficult to overestimate the significance of the trans-continental railway as a technological venture and perceptive economic development, surpassing, of course, the digging of the Erie Canal in the 1820s and the creation of these rays of the rails crossing the east coast. states that the US West is still considered "wild" and as unexplored as Central Africa.

It was a magnificent journey to trade and travel that directly led to the settlement and installation of California, Nevada, Oregon, Colorado, Yute and Wyoming as States in an ever-growing US republic.

Bailey's history is also summed up, only 140 pages in the beautiful edition of Pittsburgh Press, which Google re-created in electronic format. What I enjoyed the most in Bailey's writing was the feeling of excitement that he conveyed about this incredible discovery of America, similar to the excitement that I felt as a teenager watching the mission on MTV.

This book should be read and read not as a difficult task, to get to know an important chapter in American history, but simply because it is attractive and fun. It is a story that deserves to be fresh in our consciousness of our country and the people who have settled it.


Grateful Dead – Rock legends, marketing pioneers


"Sometimes the light shines on me;
I can hardly see other times.
Lately I'm reporting,
How long, weird it was. "

"Truckin" by Grateful Dead, 1970

On a long, strange journey somewhere between Omaha and North Platte on the I-80, I met Grateful Dead. And while Dead Music brought us to our destination, we missed the ability of the band to share the market share.

Looking back, the decision to drive my Ford Pinto from Collingwood, Ontario, in Sun Valley, Idaho in 1975, is probably triggered by an excessive number of tequila on Saturday night. But, again, it was a decade in which we all believed in our invincibility and accepted the "go for it" person. So, we are.

Bald Mountain is 2,200 miles west. Or, 42 hours at 55mph, American inter-state speed limits at that time. We tested this border unsuccessfully in Weyoming with financial constraints that would later impact on our victories and eating (beer and burgers, more precisely).

There were no fun choices in Ford Pint in 1975. iPod / USB connections were not included in the seller's list of options. Sony Walkman would not reach retail stores in North America for another 5 years. Stock reports and C & W music from Iowa to Wyoming, we were warned.

Initially, Pinto is equipped with a cassette recorder and cassettes carefully captured from the LP. The usual things of the 70's. John Denver was in a prominent position. Linda Ronstadt is not far behind. Gram, Emmylou and Neil are always nearby.

Somewhere in the middle of Nebraska, the Denver Rock is old. My Pinto co-pilot went to Skeleton from the Grateful Dead cabinet. Truckin, Friend of the Devil and other songs from the album took us to the rest of the way to our destination, Pioneer Saloon.

Thirty-five years after the Great Dead Epiphany, I discovered in Toronto an ingenious "lesson marketing from grateful dead, what every business can learn from the most iconic band in history."

Marketing Hours From Grateful Dead … I admit … not the wisdom I thought when I avoided rolling over an interstate track on our long, weird journey from Collingwood to Sun Valley.

David Meerman Scott and testimony of Brian Halligan about the marketing genius of Grateful Dead, as the legend of basketball and life story Deadhead Bill Walton writes in the book's preface, "a fascinating story about how grateful Dead & Contra-intuitive ways of doing business are truly best practices that work for everyone.

Formed as the California Hippie Band in 1964, Grateful Dead performed over 2,300 concerts live until it was disbanded in 1996 after the death of Jerry Garcia. The Dead has performed for millions of freaky and loyal fans who have become the most popular tournament in the history of rock and roll. Amazing for industrialists in the industry, not for a top 10 album or one chart except 1987. "Touch of Gray".

But again, the top 40 was not the focus of the Grateful Dead. The dead were (and are) a rock band unlike others. A focus on establishing lasting relationships with loyal, informed fans and providing authentic concert experiences, not radio games.

Authenticity, relevance and loyalty over four decades. A consistent standard of success was equal to the number of marketing and business leaders.

A review of the marketing lesson of Grateful Dead is the creation and execution of a unique and sustainable business model that relies on communication techniques that we know today as social marketing.

According to the authors, Dead is "a large case study in countermarket marketing … the band's marketing innovations are based on doing exactly the opposite of what other bands (and publishers) are working at the time."

The book describes the decisions of the dead that distinguish them from the competition. Decisions that were extremely unpopular in the industry. Conventional wise and musical business models dictated rock bands to record and release albums, and then use concerts to promote album sales. The Dead turned this business model upside down: the first and the second. Let the fans record and distribute concerts – the early LimeWire model.

Marketing Lessons from Grateful Dead explores the whole range of marketing concepts that Dead used during their exceptional run.

This is the climax of four concepts that GrayHawk believes are essential elements for the success of the organization:

1) Consider the traditional assumptions of the industry:
Instead of focusing on albums as the primary source of revenue, Dead created a business model focused on the tour rather than on radio and for sale albums.

Marketing Lesson: Challenge established business models and recognize that business model innovation is more important than product innovation.

2) Turn your clients into evangelists:
Unlike other bands, Grateful Dead has established "taper sections" where fans are; the equipment could set the best sound quality for recording their shows. In this way, Dead created a huge network that carried tape in the days before the Internet. Think about the 1970's Limewire. Wide exposure has led to millions of new fans and sold out live shows.

Marketing Lesson: When knowledge and content is free and distributed, more and more people learn about the company and its products that run the business in that company. Consider the power of communication, social networking.

3) Get around the accepted channels and go directly:
In the early 1970s, Grateful Dead became one of the first bands to create a mailing list where they announced tours to fans. Later, the band established its own ticket office, providing the closest fans the best places in the house.

Marketing lesson: community building and care and customer respect encourages passionate and lasting loyalty.

4) Build a huge, loyal:
Grateful Dead allowed its audience to define the Grateful Dead experience. Concerts were an event, a destination, a "family gathering" where 20,000 or more members of the audience were part of the experience.

Marketing lesson: the company community defines who it is. In our current era of communication, companies can not force their customers to think. Companies and brands must make loyalty through consistency and authenticity.

Did the Grateful Dead business model succeed?

In a word, yes. Fifteen years after Jerry Garcia's death and decay, the reformed "Dead" band visits and consistently sells the concert to its loyal base.

Is this business model scalable?

That's right. Testify to the success of U2, Jimmy Buffett and Bob Dylan and their long-standing loyalty to fans for decades and generations. In fact, the billboard chart for 2010 tells us that every artist on the top now earns 40 more than a concert tour than record sales.

Compilation with marketing lessons approved by GrayHawk Consulting Group.

And, if you do not appreciate the book … Truckin will take you from Omaha to Pioneer Saloon in Sun Valley. GrayHawk was there. I have done that.


The best cities to work in the United States


If you are looking for a job in the US, it is important to first consider the market. It is necessary to select not only the right field for work, but also the right place and city. Below is a list of the best cities in the US that will work in the next few years. These cities offer higher employment opportunities and expect to achieve high economic growth.

Logan, Utah
The geographical position of Utah, which connects it with larger metropolitan chains, creates great opportunities for employment in government relations, business partnerships and educational areas. Utah also witnesses enormous new jobs and employment opportunities, creating such new job categories.

Casper, Wyoming
If you are in the care area, Casper is the best city for you. Rated as one of the best cities in the United States since the last 8 years, it offers a great opportunity for professional, licensed and registered nurses. Travel Nurse is one of the best ways to start a career in Casper.

Bismarck, North Dakota
The North Dakota state offers lucrative jobs in the oil industry. Estimated as one of the best job seekers cities, Bismarck records one of the lowest unemployment rates in the United States

Fargo, North Dakota
The Fargo-Moorhead Metro area has profitable career forecasts by at least 2016.

Iowa City, Iowa
The home of various medical and educational institutions such as the American Veterans Medical Center, Pearson Education, Iowa Hospital and Clinics, University of Iowa, American College Testing and others, Iowa offers enormous career opportunities and growth to people in medicine. The development of Iowe's economy leads to more and more employment opportunities and growth prospects.


ISR Mining of uranium – Explanation of the new method


ISR uranium is responsible for almost all uranium mines in the United States (except for recycling through phosphates). More than 20% of global uranium mining is now coming from the in situ method, mainly through In Situ Leach (ISL) mining in Kazakhstan and Australia.

Due to the large number of ISRs of uranium projects on the horizon over the next ten years, as in the United States, Kazakhstan and Australia, the in situ (ISR) uranium method will allow US and global utility companies a tens of millions of pounds of newly-built uranium by 2020.

We discussed the basics of ISR uranium exploitation with Bill Boberg, executive director of UR-Energy, whose company plans to mine uranium Wyoming's Lost Creek and Lost Soldier method in situ of the uranium mining method. the questions our readers wanted more information.

StockInterview: How did the uranus actually enter the sandstone and become a front deposit?

Bill Boberg: Natural processes have led to the deposit of uranium in the aquifer. Uranium was deposited with naturally occurring underground water when natural oxygen in groundwater was exhausted due to natural chemical reactions with minerals and organic material contained in the aquifer's sand. Uranus is still transmitted by underground water flowing to deposits. Liquid groundwater also naturally rinses the parts of the deposit and deposits it again at a short distance. This is a very common natural process that happens in many aquifers.

StockInterview: When you are mining the ISR method, do you destroy or contaminate the aquifer where you are mining?

Bill Boberg: There are probably thousands of uranium sites around the world of varying quality in sandstones, which are also aquifers. Only a few hundred of them will contain enough uranium that will eventually be mined. There, even if it is mined, most of the uranium that was in the aquifer will be removed from the aquifer instead of staying there. The in-situ mining process (ISR) simply turns the natural process that has put uranium there. It's a really simple process. The restoration process, after completion of mining, actually returns the aquifer back to its pre-mining conditions. There is no way the aquifer is contaminated or destroyed (ISR mining).

StockInterview: Many ecologists claim that the removal of uranium changes the aquifers. Is the aquifer significantly different than before the mining occurred?

Bill Boberg: Probably not very different. The formation of uranium deposits in sandstones is the result of oxygen groundwater that came from the surface, carrying uranium that settles when oxygen is exhausted or finally exhausted. The deposit is in place in the sandstone. As fresh oxygen goes down to that point, uranium will again be dissolved.

StockInterview: How do you know where the deposit is for the injection of fresh oxygen?

Bill Boberg: On one side of the deposit is what we call a modified or oxidized sand. On the underside of the deposit there is a reduced sand. There is no oxygen in these sands. Every liquid that transports uranium in reduced sand will consume oxygen and will immediately deposit uranium with natural processes. The mining process adds oxygen to the ore in the deposit itself to allow uranium to go to the solution. It can then be pumped to the surface. The area of ​​reduced sand located downstream of the deposit still exists. It is a contact between altered or oxidized sand and reduced sand that causes the uranium deposition in the sand itself. As the natural flow of groundwater transfers uranium to reduced sand, natural processes will cause deposition of uranium from groundwater if there are some that do not pump onto the surface and recover during mining work.

StockInterview: How do you control the flow of water during the ISR extraction process?

Bill Boberg: The flow of the fluid is controlled by pumping the production well at a faster rate than injectable injectors that inject fluid. In other words, we create a flow into the production well as it pumps at a faster rate than the fluid is pumped into the surrounding injection wells. In this way, we end up with a certain amount of 'bleeding'. Most of the groundwater regularly returns to the aquifer. About half a percent of the water used in the system is actually "bleeding" because we pump a higher rate at production bores – between half and one percent higher than the one we inject. So we control the flow from the wells to inject into the wells.

StockInterview: What is the solution that will be used during the ISR process in Wyoming?

Bill Boberg: This will be an alkaline solution – basically just adding carbonates and oxygen to normal groundwater. The carbonate can be in the form of a simple sodium bicarbonate or carbon dioxide itself. The solution used is described as not much different than Perrier® water. The solution is not something that is outside the area of ​​normal groundwater and would not cause anyone any problem. The combination of carbon dioxide or bicarbonate of sodium and oxygen in groundwater is indeed a fairly benign solution. But, it sufficiently changes the chemical character that causes uranium to enter the solution. It's actually just a reversal of the process that led to uranium uranium. Uranium is deposited in the & quot; reduced form & quot ;. The alkaline solution only reverses the deposit-making process using water already in the deposit. Adding oxygen allows uranium to enter the solution and then lift it to the surface. There, the uranium is removed on a polycarbonate resin in the ion exchange column.

Interview with warehouse: But other areas of the world, such as Kazakhstan, rely on sulfuric acid in the in-situ recovery method of uranium.

Bill Boberg: Sulfuric acid will not be used as part of the in situ process. Sandstone deposits in the Wyoming region are very suitable for mining in the alkaline species. The use of acid for in-situ mining is considered suitable only under certain geological conditions, especially in areas with very poor water quality. Where we have good water quality in the areas of Wyoming, where we are mining, alkaline is far more convenient means in situ mining. Using alkali is much easier to clean and then restore the aquifer. Acids can react to many things except uranium. They can dissolve pyrite, sulphides and other minerals in the sandstone. Acid can free many more unwanted things in formations that can make it difficult, in some cases, to recover uranium and make it difficult to work properly. The alkaline process is a much cleaner process, and it is much easier to restore the aquifer.

StockInterview: Tell us about building an ISR field for uranium mining.

Bill Boberg: Wells are installed similarly to the most common wells – with PVC pipes. The PVC casing would be cemented in place, and then pipes similar to that for irrigation would be used to transport water to the well for injection. Similar pipelines take the same water, exiting from the production well, when moving it to the ion exchange column. When you get to it, this is essentially a water plant. You are dealing with pipelines and water and oxygen and bicarbonate of soda. There is not much that would cause anyone a problem.

StockInterview: There is concern about the use of water in certain parts of the United States. Will your company consume large amounts of water when digging in Lost Creek or Lost Soldier?

Bill Boberg: Consumption will be very low because in-situ mining is basically a closed process. We use groundwater found in the uranium deposit itself. We pummel it. Let's get it to the surface. We charge it with oxygen and sodium bicarbonate. Then we go back through the formation. Ninety-nine percent or more of the water remains in the formation. We just have to get out and throw half to one percent of the water we produce.

StockInterview: While ISR mining, how does your company ensure that radiation does not escape from the aquifer and contaminates people from groundwater or a beverage for livestock?

Bill Boberg: The key is a very comprehensive monitoring program through a borehole monitoring system. They surround the fields of the well. Shallow wells for monitoring are supervised by any overhead aquifer of drinking water. Wells for the monitor are very close to the field of the well. The mining process is pumped at such a speed that it leads to the flow to the production wells themselves. This ensures that the flow of groundwater does not move the mining solution from the production wells. From the point of view of the mining company, that would be a huge loss if we could not control the fluids. We would have a huge cost in the inability of the liquid to go where we want. As a result, we carefully set up the process to make sure that the fluids move as we need them. The wells for the monitor help us to know that we have control over the flow of water. Monitoring wells also help the state government and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to ensure that our fluid flow is under control.

StockInterview: What happens when the ringtones turn off or the alarm sounds on the screens?

Bill Boberg: If any of the wells suggests the potential of mining solutions to get in the vicinity of the monitor, we would immediately stop the injection of solutions and use 'overpumping'. in order to get the solutions back to the mine. Monitor wells are there to ensure we can see what's happening in the area. They are there to enable us to ensure that our operations are working properly. If the solution happens to enter the monitor well, it's not that bad. It tells us that we need to make some corrections and move forward. The control borehole helps us to develop better controls in the natural system we are facing.

StockInterview: How to return water back to quality prior to mining?

Bill Boberg: The aquifer is usually renewed by the reverse osmosis process. This is a super filtration process. We can use other techniques, such as reduction or bio-remediation. But the reverse osmosis is probably the one that would be more commonly used. More than 99 percent of the water used in the mining process is recycled. Returns to the aquifer after returning to the surface. These are only new quantities of recovered water pumped back through the mined area to ensure that they return to pre-mine conditions. Only small amounts of water that remain with higher concentration can either be evaporated or distilled to create solid waste for disposal. Or, they will be taken care of in a licensed landfill.

StockInterview: Can you explain the deep-root process?

Bill Boberg: Deeply Disposal is an activity that is strictly licensed and controlled by States. It's not just about when the mining activity is over, but probably something that will be used during mining activities. This means: waste water is injected into a very deep stone unit. The well for disposal is too deep and with such poor water quality that it could never be used for drinking water. These wells are usually 6,000 or more feet deep. The quality of the deep stone retaining must be able to retain the deposited water without the potential for leaking into other rock units. This is a common and well-accepted method for the disposal of liquids. It is strictly licensed and supervised. We are currently evaluating both our project areas through the use of old wood logs for oil and gas, in the area for rock units that could be favorable for deep wells. As I have already said, a deep well for disposal is a small percentage of the total amount of water to be processed.

StockInterview: How can ecologists be convinced that water will be returned to their pre-mining conditions?

Bill Boberg: Wyoming and Nebraska have a similar law, which requires a 100 percent link to the complaint. Bonds are a result of the calculation, depending on the different quality of deposits and the way they will be mined, which determines how much the state would cost the restoration if the company went bankrupt or could no longer work in the reconstruction of the mine. It is a complete 100% pre-determined link. This is probably in the range of several tens of millions of dollars, which would be needed to connect.

COPYRIGHT © 2007 by StockInterview, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


Inside view at Cameco's Smith Ranch Uranium Facility


Cameco Corp. (NYSE: CCJ) has been burning 800 pounds in the uranium sector. Cameco is uranium that Wal-Mart is in retail, and what is Saudi Aramco's oil. At a percentage level, Cameco dominates its sector more than any of these two. Cameco is likely to have more power cut-off power that now powers your PC than any other company in the world.

Can you imagine what would have happened if Cameco's workforce would strike a hypothetical strike for six months? The consequences would probably be sent by fuel managers who are buying nuclear reactors in a desperate panic. Consumers who are not aware of the importance of uranium, and believe that their electricity is given to them by God, just as many of us took gasoline prices of 20 cents for almost before 1973, can suffer a shock for utility bills, if anything disturbs stable supplying uranium to US utility companies. Imagine what would happen if we had darkening and unconsciousness in the same way as we had gas lines during the oil crisis of the 1970s? Uranium is the cheapest part of a nuclear fuel cycle. Without uranium, however, the nuclear facility is functional as well as a car on blocks in the front yard of the Alabama cracker.

This week, the price of uranium rose to $ 40 per pound, for the first time since Ronald Reagan was president. This should help increase the uranium business in Weiming's jumps and borders. In Part 5, we look at the largest American uranium producer, Cameco's Power Resources.

Understanding & # 39; In Situ Leach & # 39; Uranium extraction

"It took $ 284 million from a Canadian manufacturer for construction, and it worked with 546 people," said Patrick Drummond, head of the plant's Cameco Power Resources subsidiary. Smith Ranch facility. He pointed to the Kerr McGee Smith Ranch subterranean mine on the wall across the table, which was later turned into an ISL operation, first led by Rio Algom. "This operation cost $ 44 million to build and 80 people to start." Drummond talked about a Uranium Injection Plant In Situ, known as Smith Ranch. "It should give you the ISL scale compared to the underground mine," he explained.

Aging, but lively, Drummond knows his uranium. Since 1980 he has been working in underground mines, open pit mines and uranium mills. From 1996 to the present, he worked in Wyoming for energy resources at the ISL uranium plant of ISL. "I started in coal mines in Scotland," Drummond boasted, who claims he can spot the coal miners in the bar, just watching the veins in their hands. "I worked in Elliot Lake and massive underground mines up there." Holding his hands and looking down, she seemed apologetic: "It's also a huge environmental cleaning problem, a big endeavor. Quirk Lake was one of the great mines up there.

The new face of uranium mining in Wyoming is the ISL method for extracting uranium, also known as the mining solution. The differences between mining underground uranium and ISL operations are small and large. Both methods of uranium mining use the surface. So, both methods are underground mining. However, there are similarities here. "With the underground, bring the ore, rub it, crush and pull the uranium out of the ore," Drummond explained, the basics of underground mining uranium. "This ore becomes waste, which is known as tailings, and then you have to service these big dams and then decompose."

ISL is a new type of mining. "With ISL, we do not do it," Drummond continued in his one-day lecture to our editorial team during the VIP tour of the Smith Ranch facility. "For the underground with ISL, drill holes in the uranium and extract uranium from the underground ore," he said. "Then you process it in a yellow cake."

Still, not all wine and roses are for Drummond. He treads for his underground mines, "From the mining perspective, it's not mining so it's not that exciting." Drummond laughs: "ISL is like a water purification plant. We take out water and remove some ions." He sounds so simply, "We remove water from the underground and remove the ions, like uranium ions, return the water back to the ground." All the water is coming back to Earth? No, Drummond explained: "We took out water and returned 99 percent. One is called bleeding. It's a control function. "

Drummond lists more comparable, "In order to launch an underground mine, one should make a mine for one year before you begin mining. The advantage is expensive for the underworld – plus $ 200 million – due to development costs in advance." From his perspective, a miner in Drummond led to mining. "ISL is lighter. It's much cheaper: cheaper capital costs and less operational costs. "It's less intense." When asked about deadly radon emissions, often referred to as the danger of underground exploitation, Drummond returned: "This is zero emissions."

Analyzing these two methods, he said: "You can start to produce faster ISL operations," he added, "This will give you a faster return on investment. "What's the bad side?" "Some of Camec's mines in Saskatchewan work around 5, 10, 15 and 27% uranium." In this area, or in the ISL, it operates less than one or two percent. It's very low. "In addition, the body of uranium ore must be found underground," he added, "You can only work ISL in a rock that is porous and has water in it. "

In simple terms, a billion years ago, uranium found a way into the underground aquifers of the sandstone of Wyoming. "We add oxygen and return the uranium to the solution," Drummond observed. "We're complimenting it with CO2 to keep it in the solution, and then bring it to the surface. It is highlighted by the ion exchange base." According to Drummond, uranium extraction works on the same principle as water softener. "Salts are added to the resin to get the uranium out of the resin." Then we take this uranium and turn it into a final product called a yellow cake. "

And why is it called a yellow cake? "Some of them are yellow, some green or dark green." Some of them are black, "Drummond patiently explains." Color is a function of how it is dried, not how it is processed. There is a very clear correlation between the drying temperature of the yellow cake and the color. "Everything depends on what chemicals you use for processing uranium, we produce uranium peroxide at Smith Ranch, it's very clean and yellow. You can make different types of yellow cakes, you can make uranium diuranate, a complex made with ammonia.

How is ISL uranium dried up in Wyoming? "We dry the uranium with vacuum dryers," Drummond said. "The advantage of vacuum dryers is above all a vacuum, so everything is sucked into the canister so that nothing can escape into the environment."

Environmental research

At this point, it was considered appropriate to examine all the confusing concerns that many of us could associate with when we think about nuclear energy and uranium. How real is this safe? "When we started exploiting uranium, we inherited people from the gold mines," explained Drummond. "They were underground and smoked, inhaled dust. In the early days, we did not have good ventilation. In underground exploitation, you have to keep the air moving." Underground exploitation of hard rock produces dust. "The fragrances of silicones you breathe hold for the follicles on your lungs," he noticed. But this does not happen during the ISL allocation process. No emissions, farm fields with wells with underground pipes and pipes, as well as very detailed protective mechanisms that explain that the walls of the energy resource lobby are covered with certificates and safety awards.

"Every day, when we leave the facility, they are scanned for alpha radiation," continued Drummond. "Depending on your position, you receive urine analysis once a week or once a month. We also check the levels of radiation." How did Drummond get the latest radiation check? "I was far below," he laughed. "There are people on the beach in Malibu who have higher radiation than I do."

What precautionary measures are taken by energy resources for environmental protection during the ISL extraction process? "Since 1996, we have not had any adventures," Drummond said in a voice. "We are making great efforts to look at the topography, so if we have a trip, we will make sure that we do not enter what we call" the waters of the states. "And move it to the state waters, which we are very aware of."

Once the holes have been drilled in the field of the well, the company makes a "basic sample". Drummond said: "It's a sample of water components. When we mobilize uranium, we mobilize other things." He added, "If we know what's in the water before we start, then we'll know how to get it back." The renewal of the mother's underwater work can last from 18 to 36 months.

The company is pedantic in restoring the landscape. Any restoration work on the surface is called "reclamation". This can involve agriculture. "When we launch a good field, we must, under license, remove the surface layer of the earth and store it somewhere," explained Drummond. "When we return to recover the property, we take out all the pipes, we take the houses and cut off our wells, it comes close and asks what it was, the state can say it was uranium well. From the moment we stopped digging, we all returned in normal. "

It takes two to four months, or up to seven years, to empty the field of the well, depending on the rolling faces. Although it may take up to 24 months to set up drilling fields, reclamation and restoration take longer. "We return the surface layer of the earth, depending on the time, as soon as it is possible," said Drummond. "We repeat the seed, during spring or autumn, which is the best time for seed." The seeds we use are dictated by regulators, so we use a certain amount of natural vegetation. "Because it's very dry at Smith Ranch, near the desert border, and because it's also very windy, spraying over the surface layer will not last very long." First, we plant some fast growing teeth to establish "If we just planted grass, everything would fly away." As we sow our teeth, we have oily antelope and fat deer. "From our observations, the sheep were well fed and mischievous.

How can Wyoming ISL mining be compared to other places, such as Texas or Kazakhstan? "In Vietnam, water is intact, very clean, even compared to Texas, where ISLs work," Drummond replied. "And there's the water pretty clean." Is Uranium the same? "When we bring our uranium to the surface, it appears as uranyl dicarbonate," he replied. "In Texas, it appears as uranyl tricarbonate." What's the difference? It's in the process of uranium processing. "We get about 8.5 kilograms of uranium per cubic resin," he explained. "In Texas, they get about 3 to 4 kilograms of uranium per cubic resin."

Drummond described the ion exchange operation, Smith Ranch, "We have two columns in an ion exchange, each with about 500 cubic feet of resin." The resin costs about $ 200 / cubic feet and, in addition to mechanical damage, can last up to thirty years, according to Drummond. Polymer beads – look like small plastic ball bearings – catch uranium at the processing stage. "In Kazakhstan you get about two to three pounds of uranium per cubic resin," he continued. "They use hydrochloric acid because of the conditions of water." Of course, you changed the chemistry of water and cleaned all the acid. "Drummond described the water in Kazakhstan as very salty and yellowish." TDS (total solubilized substances) is very high, "he added. Acid cleans their water there."

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Kill Zone 200 miles Radius Yellowstone Park Super Volcano


Most of us heard about the giant Calder at Yellowstone Park. Recently, a television special on super volcanoes followed up and exploded super slag under Yellowstone Park and caused a huge volcano that would actually change weather conditions in the world and human life on earth.

In fact, it was estimated that 800,000 years ago the volcano had gone and it could have happened again. It can be catastrophic and it is estimated that if such an event occurred in the present period, the killing zone may be up to 200 miles in radius.

What is the kill zone? For the super volcanic eruption of a super volcano that would be an area in which every living being is killed instantly. This does not mean that volcanic ash would not suddenly kill the entire plant world within a 1000-mile radius or anyone who failed to leave the area, as this would potentially happen.

But do not worry, scientific researchers say, because there would be 1-2 year warnings most likely from seismic activity leading to such a massive volcano. There may even be small volcanoes, which are first occurring. However, it is certain that you are scaring many people in Wyoming and preventing many people from moving to Wyoming, which makes the locals very happy. Consider this in 2006.


Become an experienced and aware empat – a spiritual journey


Armed with a doctorate and a lucrative advisory profession at age 30, I started what was to be one of the shorter careers in the history of the academy. Having been nominated for early career awards and author of six research publications, I decided to leave my position at the University of Wyoming in 2005 after only three years to start working with empatists in Santa Fe, NM. I had to follow my heart. After I realized that I was empat, there was no return.

The cultural identity of the empath is rapidly growing and it receives the mainstream acceptance; Proof of this are the best-selling holistic books of healing dr. Judith Orloff. The primary character of empate is a high degree of sensitivity to the emotional state of other people. If you have ever been told that you are a good listener, then you may be empat. People feel comfortable sharing their emotions and deepest thoughts with empathes, and then we tend to be especially popular during high stress like a holiday.

However, the ability of empaths to connect with others can lead to unwanted health consequences. In many cases, empaths will accept the emotional pain of other people as if they were theirs. In toxic situations, intense emotional energy can deeply affect the empathy. We can inadvertently absorb emotions, like a sponge. For years I walked around with what seemed to me as if two hooks were stuck in my heart.

In 2003, I thought of healing for my accumulated emotional and physical pain. I started a five-year internship with two Indian healers and I drove an 8-hour trip from Laramie, Wyoming to Santa Fe every month. I quickly discovered why counseling is so easy. The Indian community recognizes empathy. These individuals are trained as doctors and women in tribes and communities.

Research has shown that approximately twenty per cent of people are generally very sensitive. In my experience and observation, there are fewer empaths (those that are particularly sensitive to other people). Perhaps 5% of all people are natural empires – and most do not recognize them. I see women and men living their lives wondering what's wrong with them, which is called hypersensitive or hypersensitive – which can now relieve relief. What is really considered hype or even mental illness is a special gift for understanding the emotions and motivations of other people.

In my practice of training, I help empathic people to distinguish what their energy is and what comes from other people. We are working on high-sensitivity coping strategies and preventing the absorption of harmful energy.

I am so happy and privileged to work in this special field with empathes, helping us to become more joyful, more clairvoyant and more aware of the enormous spiritual gifts that we have been blessed with.


Vore Pit


Sundance is a small town in northeastern Wyoming that has some motels used by tourists who want to see Devil's Tower, a key setting in a movie called "Close Encounters of the Third Kind". There is also "Sundance Kid", a partner of the bank and the robber of the train Butch Cassidy. From Sundance, tourists often ride west, then north to the Interstate Highway 90 (I-90) to see the Little Bighorn Battlefield where Sioux warriors have destroyed General Custer and the 7th American Cavalry. However, many tourists miss out on something equally interesting to see it is northeast of Sundance: The Vore Buffalo Jump.

Many of us are fascinated with learning about our family background. Online genealogical searches make it much easier than it was before. But what about the big picture? When the ancient people of all of us were members of the tribal society, feeding everyone was a daily challenge. Especially if the tribe was mobile and could not plant or harvest crops. Jump Vore Buffalo was a place known to tribal residents of states known as Wyoming, Montana, North and South Dakota.

Why? They found a natural anomaly in the country, not far from today's Sundance. We know how important the buffaloes are for many American tribes. Similarly, the significance of that animal was rooted in their cultures. After all, the bison can be a fierce beast, as well as the most common of the flesh that can feed the tribe. In stories, pictures and films, stunning scenes featured Americans who took a bison with a rifle, a spear, or an arrow. At Vore, you will see that more than one buffalo was seized at the same time by tribal warriors, and they used their brains to do it!

Without the necessary understanding of the geology of the eroding gypsum, which created a massive hole, the warriors did not know where that sink was located, and the bison was not. Why then do you take a food buffer now and then when can you take all the dozens at once? Today, the jump of Vora Buffalo is an archaeological treasure bone of estimated 20,000 buffalo and many projectiles. It was a killing zone for tribal people from at least 1500 to 1800. So far, only about 5% of the sites have been excavated (to the level of 15 feet). Most of the findings are found in museums. You would not want to travel to Sundance and that your wife and children miss this, are not you? I did not mean that.


Amazing Rock Shops in Estes Park, Colorado


There is a reason why stone shops in Estes Park are so fascinating. They not only sell stones from local sources, but also from all over the world. They not only sell meteorites, crystals and agates, but also fossils and bones of dinosaurs. They not only sell stone landscapes, but also polished stones turned into jewelry, sculptures and cups for serving. In other words, they are a horn of abundance and pleasure for research. In fact, they are one of the reasons why shopping in Estes Park is so special.

But let's go back for a moment and study some of the ancient history in the region to understand what we are looking at when buying in these stores. Did you know that Colorado once was covered by the tropical ocean? In fact, not just Colorado, but also the western North America was covered by the sea during part of the Paleozoic period (approximately 500 to 250 million years ago when fish, amphibians and reptiles developed).

Then there was the movement of tectonic plates of the Earth's crust, and you have Rocky Mountains rising from the Colorado country. In fact, the rocks that the mountains are made are mainly pieces of continental crust old over a billion years ago, which arose about 80 million years ago. Good sadness, and I thought I was old. (But indeed, Rocky Mountains are pretty young people, relatively speaking, when you consider Apalachi in the eastern United States to begin 480 million years ago.)

But let's throw some of the next glaciers and the ice age for some mountain erosion and you have peaks that start to appear as it is today. No wonder there are several interesting examples in Estes Park.

But what about fossils and dinosaur bones? Where do stone stores get it? It turns out that the northern neighbor of Colorado, the state of Wyoming, is an incredible source of ancient fish fossils and dinosaur bones. In fact, Wyoming supplies samples not only to rock estes stores, but also to museums around the world.

Which shop should the Estes Park deadline be visited? Everyone is great. The red rose store, on the Moraine Avenue, has a friendly owner, sets at reasonable prices and a great selection. A few years ago, my son William was thrilled to spend his money on golden flakes in Colorado at Ore Cart on Elkhorn Avenue. Nature's Own, also on Elkhorn, has beautiful objects and is worth visiting just to see the impressive bone dinosaurs displayed in their window.