The women's voting right relates to a political movement that took place around the world at different times (1800-1990), struggling to extend the right to vote (or the right to vote) on women. In the United States, the movement began around 1848 and lasted nearly seventy years before a decisive national victory was achieved.
The women's rights movement began in 1848 in New York women's actions such as Elizabeth Kadi Stanton and Lucretia Mot, who launched a fight at the Seneca Waterfalls Convention. A few years later, now known Susan B. Anthony joined the fight at the Syracuse Convention.
There were numerous early victories that helped pave the way for national success in the struggle to achieve equal voting rights for men and women. In 1869 Wyoming became the first state to extend the right to vote for women. In fact, their state motto, "Equal Rights", reflects this triumphal achievement. Just a year later, Utah also gave women the right to vote.
By the end of the century, two additional states, Idaho and Colorado, joined Yutha and Wyoming in ensuring equal voting rights to all individuals, regardless of gender. However, despite these achievements, there was still no nationally recognized legislation that would allow women to vote.
This changed in 1920 after a long and difficult struggle, which involved many points of imprisonment and arrest. Then, President Woodrow Wilson called on the Congress to pass what would become the nineteenth amendment, stating: "The right of US citizens to vote will not be denied or shortened by the United States or any state due to sex."
The adoption of this amendment has brought a successful end to the efforts of the American women's rights movement. However, there are still a number of sexual inequalities that need to be addressed. With the issue of voting, attention was paid to the disparity between salaries paid to men and women who did the same job.
In 1921, just one year after the adoption of the nineteenth amendment, William Howard Taft was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and struggled to ensure equal pay for women in the workforce. In 1934, the Supreme Court annulled a decision on an earlier court decision, concurring with Taft's position on the issue, and ruled that the separate hours / rates for men and women were unconstitutional.