ISR Mining of uranium – Explanation of the new method


ISR uranium is responsible for almost all uranium mines in the United States (except for recycling through phosphates). More than 20% of global uranium mining is now coming from the in situ method, mainly through In Situ Leach (ISL) mining in Kazakhstan and Australia.

Due to the large number of ISRs of uranium projects on the horizon over the next ten years, as in the United States, Kazakhstan and Australia, the in situ (ISR) uranium method will allow US and global utility companies a tens of millions of pounds of newly-built uranium by 2020.

We discussed the basics of ISR uranium exploitation with Bill Boberg, executive director of UR-Energy, whose company plans to mine uranium Wyoming's Lost Creek and Lost Soldier method in situ of the uranium mining method. the questions our readers wanted more information.

StockInterview: How did the uranus actually enter the sandstone and become a front deposit?

Bill Boberg: Natural processes have led to the deposit of uranium in the aquifer. Uranium was deposited with naturally occurring underground water when natural oxygen in groundwater was exhausted due to natural chemical reactions with minerals and organic material contained in the aquifer's sand. Uranus is still transmitted by underground water flowing to deposits. Liquid groundwater also naturally rinses the parts of the deposit and deposits it again at a short distance. This is a very common natural process that happens in many aquifers.

StockInterview: When you are mining the ISR method, do you destroy or contaminate the aquifer where you are mining?

Bill Boberg: There are probably thousands of uranium sites around the world of varying quality in sandstones, which are also aquifers. Only a few hundred of them will contain enough uranium that will eventually be mined. There, even if it is mined, most of the uranium that was in the aquifer will be removed from the aquifer instead of staying there. The in-situ mining process (ISR) simply turns the natural process that has put uranium there. It's a really simple process. The restoration process, after completion of mining, actually returns the aquifer back to its pre-mining conditions. There is no way the aquifer is contaminated or destroyed (ISR mining).

StockInterview: Many ecologists claim that the removal of uranium changes the aquifers. Is the aquifer significantly different than before the mining occurred?

Bill Boberg: Probably not very different. The formation of uranium deposits in sandstones is the result of oxygen groundwater that came from the surface, carrying uranium that settles when oxygen is exhausted or finally exhausted. The deposit is in place in the sandstone. As fresh oxygen goes down to that point, uranium will again be dissolved.

StockInterview: How do you know where the deposit is for the injection of fresh oxygen?

Bill Boberg: On one side of the deposit is what we call a modified or oxidized sand. On the underside of the deposit there is a reduced sand. There is no oxygen in these sands. Every liquid that transports uranium in reduced sand will consume oxygen and will immediately deposit uranium with natural processes. The mining process adds oxygen to the ore in the deposit itself to allow uranium to go to the solution. It can then be pumped to the surface. The area of ​​reduced sand located downstream of the deposit still exists. It is a contact between altered or oxidized sand and reduced sand that causes the uranium deposition in the sand itself. As the natural flow of groundwater transfers uranium to reduced sand, natural processes will cause deposition of uranium from groundwater if there are some that do not pump onto the surface and recover during mining work.

StockInterview: How do you control the flow of water during the ISR extraction process?

Bill Boberg: The flow of the fluid is controlled by pumping the production well at a faster rate than injectable injectors that inject fluid. In other words, we create a flow into the production well as it pumps at a faster rate than the fluid is pumped into the surrounding injection wells. In this way, we end up with a certain amount of 'bleeding'. Most of the groundwater regularly returns to the aquifer. About half a percent of the water used in the system is actually "bleeding" because we pump a higher rate at production bores – between half and one percent higher than the one we inject. So we control the flow from the wells to inject into the wells.

StockInterview: What is the solution that will be used during the ISR process in Wyoming?

Bill Boberg: This will be an alkaline solution – basically just adding carbonates and oxygen to normal groundwater. The carbonate can be in the form of a simple sodium bicarbonate or carbon dioxide itself. The solution used is described as not much different than Perrier® water. The solution is not something that is outside the area of ​​normal groundwater and would not cause anyone any problem. The combination of carbon dioxide or bicarbonate of sodium and oxygen in groundwater is indeed a fairly benign solution. But, it sufficiently changes the chemical character that causes uranium to enter the solution. It's actually just a reversal of the process that led to uranium uranium. Uranium is deposited in the & quot; reduced form & quot ;. The alkaline solution only reverses the deposit-making process using water already in the deposit. Adding oxygen allows uranium to enter the solution and then lift it to the surface. There, the uranium is removed on a polycarbonate resin in the ion exchange column.

Interview with warehouse: But other areas of the world, such as Kazakhstan, rely on sulfuric acid in the in-situ recovery method of uranium.

Bill Boberg: Sulfuric acid will not be used as part of the in situ process. Sandstone deposits in the Wyoming region are very suitable for mining in the alkaline species. The use of acid for in-situ mining is considered suitable only under certain geological conditions, especially in areas with very poor water quality. Where we have good water quality in the areas of Wyoming, where we are mining, alkaline is far more convenient means in situ mining. Using alkali is much easier to clean and then restore the aquifer. Acids can react to many things except uranium. They can dissolve pyrite, sulphides and other minerals in the sandstone. Acid can free many more unwanted things in formations that can make it difficult, in some cases, to recover uranium and make it difficult to work properly. The alkaline process is a much cleaner process, and it is much easier to restore the aquifer.

StockInterview: Tell us about building an ISR field for uranium mining.

Bill Boberg: Wells are installed similarly to the most common wells – with PVC pipes. The PVC casing would be cemented in place, and then pipes similar to that for irrigation would be used to transport water to the well for injection. Similar pipelines take the same water, exiting from the production well, when moving it to the ion exchange column. When you get to it, this is essentially a water plant. You are dealing with pipelines and water and oxygen and bicarbonate of soda. There is not much that would cause anyone a problem.

StockInterview: There is concern about the use of water in certain parts of the United States. Will your company consume large amounts of water when digging in Lost Creek or Lost Soldier?

Bill Boberg: Consumption will be very low because in-situ mining is basically a closed process. We use groundwater found in the uranium deposit itself. We pummel it. Let's get it to the surface. We charge it with oxygen and sodium bicarbonate. Then we go back through the formation. Ninety-nine percent or more of the water remains in the formation. We just have to get out and throw half to one percent of the water we produce.

StockInterview: While ISR mining, how does your company ensure that radiation does not escape from the aquifer and contaminates people from groundwater or a beverage for livestock?

Bill Boberg: The key is a very comprehensive monitoring program through a borehole monitoring system. They surround the fields of the well. Shallow wells for monitoring are supervised by any overhead aquifer of drinking water. Wells for the monitor are very close to the field of the well. The mining process is pumped at such a speed that it leads to the flow to the production wells themselves. This ensures that the flow of groundwater does not move the mining solution from the production wells. From the point of view of the mining company, that would be a huge loss if we could not control the fluids. We would have a huge cost in the inability of the liquid to go where we want. As a result, we carefully set up the process to make sure that the fluids move as we need them. The wells for the monitor help us to know that we have control over the flow of water. Monitoring wells also help the state government and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to ensure that our fluid flow is under control.

StockInterview: What happens when the ringtones turn off or the alarm sounds on the screens?

Bill Boberg: If any of the wells suggests the potential of mining solutions to get in the vicinity of the monitor, we would immediately stop the injection of solutions and use 'overpumping'. in order to get the solutions back to the mine. Monitor wells are there to ensure we can see what's happening in the area. They are there to enable us to ensure that our operations are working properly. If the solution happens to enter the monitor well, it's not that bad. It tells us that we need to make some corrections and move forward. The control borehole helps us to develop better controls in the natural system we are facing.

StockInterview: How to return water back to quality prior to mining?

Bill Boberg: The aquifer is usually renewed by the reverse osmosis process. This is a super filtration process. We can use other techniques, such as reduction or bio-remediation. But the reverse osmosis is probably the one that would be more commonly used. More than 99 percent of the water used in the mining process is recycled. Returns to the aquifer after returning to the surface. These are only new quantities of recovered water pumped back through the mined area to ensure that they return to pre-mine conditions. Only small amounts of water that remain with higher concentration can either be evaporated or distilled to create solid waste for disposal. Or, they will be taken care of in a licensed landfill.

StockInterview: Can you explain the deep-root process?

Bill Boberg: Deeply Disposal is an activity that is strictly licensed and controlled by States. It's not just about when the mining activity is over, but probably something that will be used during mining activities. This means: waste water is injected into a very deep stone unit. The well for disposal is too deep and with such poor water quality that it could never be used for drinking water. These wells are usually 6,000 or more feet deep. The quality of the deep stone retaining must be able to retain the deposited water without the potential for leaking into other rock units. This is a common and well-accepted method for the disposal of liquids. It is strictly licensed and supervised. We are currently evaluating both our project areas through the use of old wood logs for oil and gas, in the area for rock units that could be favorable for deep wells. As I have already said, a deep well for disposal is a small percentage of the total amount of water to be processed.

StockInterview: How can ecologists be convinced that water will be returned to their pre-mining conditions?

Bill Boberg: Wyoming and Nebraska have a similar law, which requires a 100 percent link to the complaint. Bonds are a result of the calculation, depending on the different quality of deposits and the way they will be mined, which determines how much the state would cost the restoration if the company went bankrupt or could no longer work in the reconstruction of the mine. It is a complete 100% pre-determined link. This is probably in the range of several tens of millions of dollars, which would be needed to connect.

COPYRIGHT © 2007 by StockInterview, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


Inside view at Cameco's Smith Ranch Uranium Facility


Cameco Corp. (NYSE: CCJ) has been burning 800 pounds in the uranium sector. Cameco is uranium that Wal-Mart is in retail, and what is Saudi Aramco's oil. At a percentage level, Cameco dominates its sector more than any of these two. Cameco is likely to have more power cut-off power that now powers your PC than any other company in the world.

Can you imagine what would have happened if Cameco's workforce would strike a hypothetical strike for six months? The consequences would probably be sent by fuel managers who are buying nuclear reactors in a desperate panic. Consumers who are not aware of the importance of uranium, and believe that their electricity is given to them by God, just as many of us took gasoline prices of 20 cents for almost before 1973, can suffer a shock for utility bills, if anything disturbs stable supplying uranium to US utility companies. Imagine what would happen if we had darkening and unconsciousness in the same way as we had gas lines during the oil crisis of the 1970s? Uranium is the cheapest part of a nuclear fuel cycle. Without uranium, however, the nuclear facility is functional as well as a car on blocks in the front yard of the Alabama cracker.

This week, the price of uranium rose to $ 40 per pound, for the first time since Ronald Reagan was president. This should help increase the uranium business in Weiming's jumps and borders. In Part 5, we look at the largest American uranium producer, Cameco's Power Resources.

Understanding & # 39; In Situ Leach & # 39; Uranium extraction

"It took $ 284 million from a Canadian manufacturer for construction, and it worked with 546 people," said Patrick Drummond, head of the plant's Cameco Power Resources subsidiary. Smith Ranch facility. He pointed to the Kerr McGee Smith Ranch subterranean mine on the wall across the table, which was later turned into an ISL operation, first led by Rio Algom. "This operation cost $ 44 million to build and 80 people to start." Drummond talked about a Uranium Injection Plant In Situ, known as Smith Ranch. "It should give you the ISL scale compared to the underground mine," he explained.

Aging, but lively, Drummond knows his uranium. Since 1980 he has been working in underground mines, open pit mines and uranium mills. From 1996 to the present, he worked in Wyoming for energy resources at the ISL uranium plant of ISL. "I started in coal mines in Scotland," Drummond boasted, who claims he can spot the coal miners in the bar, just watching the veins in their hands. "I worked in Elliot Lake and massive underground mines up there." Holding his hands and looking down, she seemed apologetic: "It's also a huge environmental cleaning problem, a big endeavor. Quirk Lake was one of the great mines up there.

The new face of uranium mining in Wyoming is the ISL method for extracting uranium, also known as the mining solution. The differences between mining underground uranium and ISL operations are small and large. Both methods of uranium mining use the surface. So, both methods are underground mining. However, there are similarities here. "With the underground, bring the ore, rub it, crush and pull the uranium out of the ore," Drummond explained, the basics of underground mining uranium. "This ore becomes waste, which is known as tailings, and then you have to service these big dams and then decompose."

ISL is a new type of mining. "With ISL, we do not do it," Drummond continued in his one-day lecture to our editorial team during the VIP tour of the Smith Ranch facility. "For the underground with ISL, drill holes in the uranium and extract uranium from the underground ore," he said. "Then you process it in a yellow cake."

Still, not all wine and roses are for Drummond. He treads for his underground mines, "From the mining perspective, it's not mining so it's not that exciting." Drummond laughs: "ISL is like a water purification plant. We take out water and remove some ions." He sounds so simply, "We remove water from the underground and remove the ions, like uranium ions, return the water back to the ground." All the water is coming back to Earth? No, Drummond explained: "We took out water and returned 99 percent. One is called bleeding. It's a control function. "

Drummond lists more comparable, "In order to launch an underground mine, one should make a mine for one year before you begin mining. The advantage is expensive for the underworld – plus $ 200 million – due to development costs in advance." From his perspective, a miner in Drummond led to mining. "ISL is lighter. It's much cheaper: cheaper capital costs and less operational costs. "It's less intense." When asked about deadly radon emissions, often referred to as the danger of underground exploitation, Drummond returned: "This is zero emissions."

Analyzing these two methods, he said: "You can start to produce faster ISL operations," he added, "This will give you a faster return on investment. "What's the bad side?" "Some of Camec's mines in Saskatchewan work around 5, 10, 15 and 27% uranium." In this area, or in the ISL, it operates less than one or two percent. It's very low. "In addition, the body of uranium ore must be found underground," he added, "You can only work ISL in a rock that is porous and has water in it. "

In simple terms, a billion years ago, uranium found a way into the underground aquifers of the sandstone of Wyoming. "We add oxygen and return the uranium to the solution," Drummond observed. "We're complimenting it with CO2 to keep it in the solution, and then bring it to the surface. It is highlighted by the ion exchange base." According to Drummond, uranium extraction works on the same principle as water softener. "Salts are added to the resin to get the uranium out of the resin." Then we take this uranium and turn it into a final product called a yellow cake. "

And why is it called a yellow cake? "Some of them are yellow, some green or dark green." Some of them are black, "Drummond patiently explains." Color is a function of how it is dried, not how it is processed. There is a very clear correlation between the drying temperature of the yellow cake and the color. "Everything depends on what chemicals you use for processing uranium, we produce uranium peroxide at Smith Ranch, it's very clean and yellow. You can make different types of yellow cakes, you can make uranium diuranate, a complex made with ammonia.

How is ISL uranium dried up in Wyoming? "We dry the uranium with vacuum dryers," Drummond said. "The advantage of vacuum dryers is above all a vacuum, so everything is sucked into the canister so that nothing can escape into the environment."

Environmental research

At this point, it was considered appropriate to examine all the confusing concerns that many of us could associate with when we think about nuclear energy and uranium. How real is this safe? "When we started exploiting uranium, we inherited people from the gold mines," explained Drummond. "They were underground and smoked, inhaled dust. In the early days, we did not have good ventilation. In underground exploitation, you have to keep the air moving." Underground exploitation of hard rock produces dust. "The fragrances of silicones you breathe hold for the follicles on your lungs," he noticed. But this does not happen during the ISL allocation process. No emissions, farm fields with wells with underground pipes and pipes, as well as very detailed protective mechanisms that explain that the walls of the energy resource lobby are covered with certificates and safety awards.

"Every day, when we leave the facility, they are scanned for alpha radiation," continued Drummond. "Depending on your position, you receive urine analysis once a week or once a month. We also check the levels of radiation." How did Drummond get the latest radiation check? "I was far below," he laughed. "There are people on the beach in Malibu who have higher radiation than I do."

What precautionary measures are taken by energy resources for environmental protection during the ISL extraction process? "Since 1996, we have not had any adventures," Drummond said in a voice. "We are making great efforts to look at the topography, so if we have a trip, we will make sure that we do not enter what we call" the waters of the states. "And move it to the state waters, which we are very aware of."

Once the holes have been drilled in the field of the well, the company makes a "basic sample". Drummond said: "It's a sample of water components. When we mobilize uranium, we mobilize other things." He added, "If we know what's in the water before we start, then we'll know how to get it back." The renewal of the mother's underwater work can last from 18 to 36 months.

The company is pedantic in restoring the landscape. Any restoration work on the surface is called "reclamation". This can involve agriculture. "When we launch a good field, we must, under license, remove the surface layer of the earth and store it somewhere," explained Drummond. "When we return to recover the property, we take out all the pipes, we take the houses and cut off our wells, it comes close and asks what it was, the state can say it was uranium well. From the moment we stopped digging, we all returned in normal. "

It takes two to four months, or up to seven years, to empty the field of the well, depending on the rolling faces. Although it may take up to 24 months to set up drilling fields, reclamation and restoration take longer. "We return the surface layer of the earth, depending on the time, as soon as it is possible," said Drummond. "We repeat the seed, during spring or autumn, which is the best time for seed." The seeds we use are dictated by regulators, so we use a certain amount of natural vegetation. "Because it's very dry at Smith Ranch, near the desert border, and because it's also very windy, spraying over the surface layer will not last very long." First, we plant some fast growing teeth to establish "If we just planted grass, everything would fly away." As we sow our teeth, we have oily antelope and fat deer. "From our observations, the sheep were well fed and mischievous.

How can Wyoming ISL mining be compared to other places, such as Texas or Kazakhstan? "In Vietnam, water is intact, very clean, even compared to Texas, where ISLs work," Drummond replied. "And there's the water pretty clean." Is Uranium the same? "When we bring our uranium to the surface, it appears as uranyl dicarbonate," he replied. "In Texas, it appears as uranyl tricarbonate." What's the difference? It's in the process of uranium processing. "We get about 8.5 kilograms of uranium per cubic resin," he explained. "In Texas, they get about 3 to 4 kilograms of uranium per cubic resin."

Drummond described the ion exchange operation, Smith Ranch, "We have two columns in an ion exchange, each with about 500 cubic feet of resin." The resin costs about $ 200 / cubic feet and, in addition to mechanical damage, can last up to thirty years, according to Drummond. Polymer beads – look like small plastic ball bearings – catch uranium at the processing stage. "In Kazakhstan you get about two to three pounds of uranium per cubic resin," he continued. "They use hydrochloric acid because of the conditions of water." Of course, you changed the chemistry of water and cleaned all the acid. "Drummond described the water in Kazakhstan as very salty and yellowish." TDS (total solubilized substances) is very high, "he added. Acid cleans their water there."

COPYRIGHT © 2007 by StockInterview, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


Kill Zone 200 miles Radius Yellowstone Park Super Volcano


Most of us heard about the giant Calder at Yellowstone Park. Recently, a television special on super volcanoes followed up and exploded super slag under Yellowstone Park and caused a huge volcano that would actually change weather conditions in the world and human life on earth.

In fact, it was estimated that 800,000 years ago the volcano had gone and it could have happened again. It can be catastrophic and it is estimated that if such an event occurred in the present period, the killing zone may be up to 200 miles in radius.

What is the kill zone? For the super volcanic eruption of a super volcano that would be an area in which every living being is killed instantly. This does not mean that volcanic ash would not suddenly kill the entire plant world within a 1000-mile radius or anyone who failed to leave the area, as this would potentially happen.

But do not worry, scientific researchers say, because there would be 1-2 year warnings most likely from seismic activity leading to such a massive volcano. There may even be small volcanoes, which are first occurring. However, it is certain that you are scaring many people in Wyoming and preventing many people from moving to Wyoming, which makes the locals very happy. Consider this in 2006.


Become an experienced and aware empat – a spiritual journey


Armed with a doctorate and a lucrative advisory profession at age 30, I started what was to be one of the shorter careers in the history of the academy. Having been nominated for early career awards and author of six research publications, I decided to leave my position at the University of Wyoming in 2005 after only three years to start working with empatists in Santa Fe, NM. I had to follow my heart. After I realized that I was empat, there was no return.

The cultural identity of the empath is rapidly growing and it receives the mainstream acceptance; Proof of this are the best-selling holistic books of healing dr. Judith Orloff. The primary character of empate is a high degree of sensitivity to the emotional state of other people. If you have ever been told that you are a good listener, then you may be empat. People feel comfortable sharing their emotions and deepest thoughts with empathes, and then we tend to be especially popular during high stress like a holiday.

However, the ability of empaths to connect with others can lead to unwanted health consequences. In many cases, empaths will accept the emotional pain of other people as if they were theirs. In toxic situations, intense emotional energy can deeply affect the empathy. We can inadvertently absorb emotions, like a sponge. For years I walked around with what seemed to me as if two hooks were stuck in my heart.

In 2003, I thought of healing for my accumulated emotional and physical pain. I started a five-year internship with two Indian healers and I drove an 8-hour trip from Laramie, Wyoming to Santa Fe every month. I quickly discovered why counseling is so easy. The Indian community recognizes empathy. These individuals are trained as doctors and women in tribes and communities.

Research has shown that approximately twenty per cent of people are generally very sensitive. In my experience and observation, there are fewer empaths (those that are particularly sensitive to other people). Perhaps 5% of all people are natural empires – and most do not recognize them. I see women and men living their lives wondering what's wrong with them, which is called hypersensitive or hypersensitive – which can now relieve relief. What is really considered hype or even mental illness is a special gift for understanding the emotions and motivations of other people.

In my practice of training, I help empathic people to distinguish what their energy is and what comes from other people. We are working on high-sensitivity coping strategies and preventing the absorption of harmful energy.

I am so happy and privileged to work in this special field with empathes, helping us to become more joyful, more clairvoyant and more aware of the enormous spiritual gifts that we have been blessed with.


Vore Pit


Sundance is a small town in northeastern Wyoming that has some motels used by tourists who want to see Devil's Tower, a key setting in a movie called "Close Encounters of the Third Kind". There is also "Sundance Kid", a partner of the bank and the robber of the train Butch Cassidy. From Sundance, tourists often ride west, then north to the Interstate Highway 90 (I-90) to see the Little Bighorn Battlefield where Sioux warriors have destroyed General Custer and the 7th American Cavalry. However, many tourists miss out on something equally interesting to see it is northeast of Sundance: The Vore Buffalo Jump.

Many of us are fascinated with learning about our family background. Online genealogical searches make it much easier than it was before. But what about the big picture? When the ancient people of all of us were members of the tribal society, feeding everyone was a daily challenge. Especially if the tribe was mobile and could not plant or harvest crops. Jump Vore Buffalo was a place known to tribal residents of states known as Wyoming, Montana, North and South Dakota.

Why? They found a natural anomaly in the country, not far from today's Sundance. We know how important the buffaloes are for many American tribes. Similarly, the significance of that animal was rooted in their cultures. After all, the bison can be a fierce beast, as well as the most common of the flesh that can feed the tribe. In stories, pictures and films, stunning scenes featured Americans who took a bison with a rifle, a spear, or an arrow. At Vore, you will see that more than one buffalo was seized at the same time by tribal warriors, and they used their brains to do it!

Without the necessary understanding of the geology of the eroding gypsum, which created a massive hole, the warriors did not know where that sink was located, and the bison was not. Why then do you take a food buffer now and then when can you take all the dozens at once? Today, the jump of Vora Buffalo is an archaeological treasure bone of estimated 20,000 buffalo and many projectiles. It was a killing zone for tribal people from at least 1500 to 1800. So far, only about 5% of the sites have been excavated (to the level of 15 feet). Most of the findings are found in museums. You would not want to travel to Sundance and that your wife and children miss this, are not you? I did not mean that.


Amazing Rock Shops in Estes Park, Colorado


There is a reason why stone shops in Estes Park are so fascinating. They not only sell stones from local sources, but also from all over the world. They not only sell meteorites, crystals and agates, but also fossils and bones of dinosaurs. They not only sell stone landscapes, but also polished stones turned into jewelry, sculptures and cups for serving. In other words, they are a horn of abundance and pleasure for research. In fact, they are one of the reasons why shopping in Estes Park is so special.

But let's go back for a moment and study some of the ancient history in the region to understand what we are looking at when buying in these stores. Did you know that Colorado once was covered by the tropical ocean? In fact, not just Colorado, but also the western North America was covered by the sea during part of the Paleozoic period (approximately 500 to 250 million years ago when fish, amphibians and reptiles developed).

Then there was the movement of tectonic plates of the Earth's crust, and you have Rocky Mountains rising from the Colorado country. In fact, the rocks that the mountains are made are mainly pieces of continental crust old over a billion years ago, which arose about 80 million years ago. Good sadness, and I thought I was old. (But indeed, Rocky Mountains are pretty young people, relatively speaking, when you consider Apalachi in the eastern United States to begin 480 million years ago.)

But let's throw some of the next glaciers and the ice age for some mountain erosion and you have peaks that start to appear as it is today. No wonder there are several interesting examples in Estes Park.

But what about fossils and dinosaur bones? Where do stone stores get it? It turns out that the northern neighbor of Colorado, the state of Wyoming, is an incredible source of ancient fish fossils and dinosaur bones. In fact, Wyoming supplies samples not only to rock estes stores, but also to museums around the world.

Which shop should the Estes Park deadline be visited? Everyone is great. The red rose store, on the Moraine Avenue, has a friendly owner, sets at reasonable prices and a great selection. A few years ago, my son William was thrilled to spend his money on golden flakes in Colorado at Ore Cart on Elkhorn Avenue. Nature's Own, also on Elkhorn, has beautiful objects and is worth visiting just to see the impressive bone dinosaurs displayed in their window.


Tournament Music Journal: Wedding Bell Blues


Life as a traveling musician can be very difficult for any romantic relationship. Fortunately for me, my husband John and I work together. This does not mean that we are free from strife and distractions, but we manage to circumvent many issues related to the significant other left at home.

Sometimes, however, a significant other simply can not be calm. One of our former drummers, Ken, had a girlfriend who was always poor; she was angry when she went on the road without her, and she constantly complained of everything when she came. Ken finally had enough and broke up with her.

About the same time, he began to talk to Silva, whom he knew from his "real" job. They started right away, and while we were on the tour, he wrote and talked to her constantly. He said that he finally found someone who would support his dream to be a working musician, and he was the happiest we ever saw him.

I knew Kena for many years and worked with him on some previous projects. He was with my current band for over three years, and I felt that we all had a strong "family" relationship. After he and his new girlfriend had fun for several weeks, he invited her to come along with us. She looked happy to continue our little adventure and things went well. Two weeks later we went out for a longer run, starting Sunday in Cheyenne, Wyoming, a few days in Mescalero, New Mexico, and then a stupid path to Bismarck, North Dakota in a week. Sylvia seemed to be having a good time, so she even came to the stage with the band to dance and sing some backup vocals.

Just before we left Wyoming, Ken announced he would be married in New Mexico. Concert in New Mexico is one of the rare performances that does not include accommodation, so we all agreed to share one room in order to save money. It was a bit of a disadvantage, especially for the newlyweds, but we took the best advantage of it. They decided to get married on Sunday morning before we set off for North Dakota. With the help of some native relatives, the happy couple found a pastor, and the wedding ceremony was a nice, simple success. Although we had a very long ride ahead of us, and we had to be in Bismarck until Tuesday night, we decided to stay in New Mexico another night in separate rooms in order to have a real night of the night.

The next morning we filled up and set off on the road. The young men traveled in their vehicle, so we said, "I'll see you in Bismarck" and split up. Everyone spent a hard drive, and we settled into a band for the band. The room for the band was basically a motel room with a large extra bedroom. To get in and out of the room, my family had to constantly go through the area of ​​the newlyweds, and it seemed that the tension that is deteriorating every day seemed to increase.

The day after our arrival in Bismarck, our reservation agent called to see if we could go to Minot, North Dakota for the next week, and then to Montana for a week. It's often the way we work. All those who are associated with the band agreed to do the shows, so we signed a contract (electronic). We are now legally dedicated to performances. Minot was just two hours away from Bismarck, but we had problems with the tires with our van. We told Ken that we will stop and buy tires before we go. Since we had two more weeks of work, we spent most of the money on tires, oil and other vehicle needs.

After a few hours we were on our way. Approximately half way to our destination, I received the text from Sylvie, who said that the newlyweds do not go to Minot, but they went home. My family and I were in a very difficult situation; We spent cash on the van and we did not have the money to get home in Jut (800 miles away). We were also under contract, so as not to come to the concerts would mean a lawsuit and a loss of work. I immediately called some good friends in Minot, who were musicians. Gary played the guitar on stage with us in Minot earlier, and his wife Julie was just a drummer!

They saved us from a terrible fate, and the seven-day concert was excellent. They could not continue the tour, so I invited another drummer from Salt Lake City to Utah to meet in Montana on our next show, and he proved to be a great asset and decided to stay as a regular member of the band. Although I'm glad we went through the tour, I'm still very sad about losing friendship with Ken, and since then we have not heard from him or Sylvie.


Synergy of healing conversation and touch


  • Touch allows you to get to the core of things.
  • The conversation allows you to understand its meaning.
  • Combining an empathetic conversation with a gentle, healed touch is a transformation.

Rubenfeld's synergy method (RSM) was developed in 1970 by its founder, Ilana Rubenfeld. She started her career as a conductor and gradually began to have intense back and shoulder back pain. This led her to personal research and self-healing. At that time, she received the sessions of Aleksandra Tehnika, who were focused to help her reconcile her posture and movement. But as she received this gentle touch, her emotions would fall to the surface, and Master Alexander was not trained to help her. So she traveled to the city of New York to spend time with the Gestalt therapist. But in therapeutic sessions, her emotions were not so exciting. This is what led her to begin combining this gentle touch with the story in an attempt to integrate the two systems in her body. The result was more than two separate entities, so the term "synergy".

Rubenfeld Synergists are men and women who came to the same realization or "aha" moment in their career and life. They saw that Ilana Rubenfeld or some other "synergist" performed the "magic" that happens during the session. They saw with their eyes the transformation of the client's experience when they received this kind of listening and intentional dialogue. This "aha" moment brought bodybuilders (massage therapists, chiropractors, reiki practitioners, nurses and other practitioners who use touch in their work), psychotherapists (psychologists, social workers, spouses and family therapists, psychiatric counselors, and even psychiatrists only conversations are used when working with clients), housewives, businessmen, lawyers, medical experts, artists, musicians and others in a healing experience to become a certified Rubenfeld Synergist.

Where can you find a qualified practitioner of this unusual and powerful work? Here's the location of currently certified synergists and locations are just wider and this work reaches back to hungry clients and curious therapists.

Certified synergists in the United States

  • Washington
  • Oregon
  • California
  • Arizona
  • Montana
  • Wyoming
  • Colorado
  • New Mexico
  • Minnesota
  • Tennessee
  • Indiana
  • Michigan
  • Ohio
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • South Carolina
  • North Carolina
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Washington DC
  • Pennsylvania
  • New York
  • Maryland
  • Delaware
  • New Jersey
  • Connecticut
  • Massachusetts
  • Vermont

Certified synergists in Canada

  • British Columbia
  • Alberta
  • Ontario, CA

Certified synergists in Europe

  • Wales
  • England
  • Ireland
  • Scotland

Trainees in Taiwan

If you are looking for a way to cure your body and your emotional anxiety without drugs, RSM is a way to explore. If you want to help your clients cure the physical and emotional pain, you can begin to learn this powerful method in just 7 months. Check the Rubenfeld Synergy website to find a practitioner at your location and check the Rubenfeld Training Institute website to find out about upcoming trainings.


Dennis Erickson, Head of Football Coach Arizona State University (ASU) – Coaching Bio at NFL & College


Dennis Erickson was born on March 24, 1947 and has been a football player for decades. The latest development of Erickson's career in football is that he is the main football coach for the State University of Arizona (ASU) Sun Devils located in the Tempe region of Phoenix, Arizona. Prior to joining Arizona in 2007, coach Erickson spent some time working on various football programs while perfecting his craft.

Dennis Erickson was a football star in the small city of Ferndale, DC, where he grew up. The city with less than 10,000 inhabitants is only a few minutes away from the border with Canada. After being highlighted as a beacon in the city 25 miles north of Seattle, Dennis enrolled at Montana State University in Bozeman, Montana, where he played a battalion for combat Bobcats from 1966-1968. Immediately after finishing the game, Erickson immediately became a graduate assistant coach for his alma mater for the 1969 season.

In 1970, Dennis spent a year as chief football coach at Billings, Montana High School, before being hired as an assistant trainer in Montana for the 1971-1973 season. Coach Erickson went to the coaching rink that included stopping with:

• University of Idaho in Moscow, Idaho

Fresno State University in Fresno, California

San Jose State in San Jose, California

• University of Wyoming in Laramie, Wyoming

Washington State University in Pullman, Washington

• University of Miami in Miami, Florida

• Seattle Seahawks from the NFL

• Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon

• San Francisco from the NFL

In 2007, Dennis Erickson accepted the training position at State University of Arizona (ASU) Sun Devils of Pacific 10 (Pac-10). In Erickson, Sun Devils got a season coach season with six years of experience as head coach in the NFL and two state soccer football championships since he trained the University of Miami in 1989 and 1991.

In the first three seasons as head coach in the state of Arizona, Dennis failed to impress fans who were hoping to make their team at least relevant at the Pac-10 conference, which has long been dominated by the University of Southern California. In three seasons, Erickson has a cumulative record in ASU from 19 victories and 18 defeats. His only post-season hunting in his short three-year term came his first year in 2007 when his team lost at Holiday Bowl at the University of Texas.


Movements and rights to employment of women


The women's voting right relates to a political movement that took place around the world at different times (1800-1990), struggling to extend the right to vote (or the right to vote) on women. In the United States, the movement began around 1848 and lasted nearly seventy years before a decisive national victory was achieved.

The women's rights movement began in 1848 in New York women's actions such as Elizabeth Kadi Stanton and Lucretia Mot, who launched a fight at the Seneca Waterfalls Convention. A few years later, now known Susan B. Anthony joined the fight at the Syracuse Convention.

There were numerous early victories that helped pave the way for national success in the struggle to achieve equal voting rights for men and women. In 1869 Wyoming became the first state to extend the right to vote for women. In fact, their state motto, "Equal Rights", reflects this triumphal achievement. Just a year later, Utah also gave women the right to vote.

By the end of the century, two additional states, Idaho and Colorado, joined Yutha and Wyoming in ensuring equal voting rights to all individuals, regardless of gender. However, despite these achievements, there was still no nationally recognized legislation that would allow women to vote.

This changed in 1920 after a long and difficult struggle, which involved many points of imprisonment and arrest. Then, President Woodrow Wilson called on the Congress to pass what would become the nineteenth amendment, stating: "The right of US citizens to vote will not be denied or shortened by the United States or any state due to sex."

The adoption of this amendment has brought a successful end to the efforts of the American women's rights movement. However, there are still a number of sexual inequalities that need to be addressed. With the issue of voting, attention was paid to the disparity between salaries paid to men and women who did the same job.

In 1921, just one year after the adoption of the nineteenth amendment, William Howard Taft was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and struggled to ensure equal pay for women in the workforce. In 1934, the Supreme Court annulled a decision on an earlier court decision, concurring with Taft's position on the issue, and ruled that the separate hours / rates for men and women were unconstitutional.